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《最新中考英語閱讀理解50篇》詳解

時間:2012-12-28 18:38 來源: 編輯:井琳英 點擊:
《最新中考英語閱讀理解50篇》詳解

中考英語閱讀理解•“老”字趣談
每個國家都有各自的文化習慣,而這種文化上的差異往往會引起一定的誤會,不過只要熟悉對方的風俗習慣做到入鄉隨俗,一切就OK啦!
  
When my family moved to America in 2010 from a small village in Guangdong, China, we brought not only our luggage, but also our village rules, customs and culture. One of the rules is that young people should always respect(尊敬) elders. Unluckily, this rule led to my very first embarrassment in the United States.
I had a part-time job as a waiter in a Chinese restaurant. One time, when I was serving food to a middle-aged couple, the wife asked me how the food could be served so quickly. I told her that I had made sure they got their food quickly because I always respect the elderly. As soon as I said that, her face showed great displeasure. My manager, who happened to hear what I said, took me aside and gave me a long lecture about how sensitive(敏感) Americans are and how they dislike the description “old”. I then walked back to the table and apologized to the wife. After the couple heard my reason, they understood that the problem was caused by cultural differences, so they laughed and were no longer angry.
In my village in China, people are proud of being old. Not so many people live to be seventy or eighty, and people who reach such an age have the most knowledge and experience. Young people always respect older people because they know they can learn from their rich experience.
However, in the United States, people think “growing old” is a problem since “old” shows that a person is going to retire or that the body is not working well. Here many people try to keep themselves away from growing old by doing exercises or jogging, and women put on makeup, hoping to look young. When I told the couple in the restaurant that I respect the elderly, they got angry because this caused them to feel they had failed to stay young. I had told them something they didn’t want to hear.
After that, I changed the way I had been with older people. It is not that I don’t respect them any more; I still respect them, but now I don’t show my feelings through words.
By Jack
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Jack brought the couple their food very fast because _______.
A. the manager asked him to do so 
B. he respected the elderly
C. the couple wanted him to do so 
D. he wanted more pay
2. When Jack called the couple “elderly”, they became _______.
A. nervous 
B. satisfied
C. unhappy
D. excited
3. In Jack’s hometown, _______.
A. people dislike being called “old”
B. people are proud of being old
C. many people reach the age of seventy or eighty
D. the elderly are the first to get food in restaurants
4. After this experience, Jack _______.
A. lost his job in the restaurant
B. made friends with the couple
C. no longer respected the elderly
D. changed his way with older people
5. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. The more Jack explained, the angrier the couple got.
B. Jack wanted to show his feelings through words after his experience.
C. The manager went back to the table and apologized to the couple.
D. From this experience, Jack learned more about American culture.
【答案及解析】
1. 選B。根據第2段中的I told her that I had made sure they got their food quickly because I always respect the elderly可知答案。
2. 選C。根據第2段中的As soon as I said that, her face showed great displeasure可知他們聽到Jack稱他們為老者時,一點也不高興。
3. 選B。根據第3段中的In my village in China, people are proud of being old可知答案。
4. 選D。根據最后一段中的After that, I changed the way I had with older people可知答案。
5. 選D。根據第2段最后一句After the couple heard my reason, they understood that the problem was caused by cultural differences, so they laughed and were no longer angry可知A選項不對;根據文章最后一句but now I don’t show my feelings through words可知B選項不對;根據第2段中的I then waked back to the table and apologized to the wife 可知C 選項也不對,故正確答案為D。
中考英語閱讀理解•Jean的網友
QQ聊天對我們來說并不陌生,但是該不該完全相信網友呢?我們究竟該以怎樣的心態對待網絡呢?讓我們來看看本文主人公與網友的奇遇吧!
Jean is a bright young woman who comes from a rich and famous family. She goes to a good university and has everything that money can buy. Well, almost everything. The problem is that the people in Jean’s family are so busy that they can hardly find time to be with her. In fact, Jean is quite lonely.
So Jean spends a lot of time on her QQ. She likes being anonymous(匿名), talking to people who do not know about her famous family and her rich life. She uses the name Linda on QQ and has made a lot of friends who she keeps in touch with quite often.
Last year Jean made a very special friend on QQ. His name was David and lived in San Francisco. David was full of stories and jokes. He and Jean had a common(共同的) interest in rock music and modern dance. So it always took them hours to talk happily on QQ and sometimes they even forgot their time. Of course, they wanted to know more about each other. David sent a picture of himself: He was a tall, good-looking young man with a big, happy smile. As time went by, they became good friends and often sent cards and small things to each other.
When Jean’s father told her that he was going on a business trip to San Francisco, she asked him to let her go with him so that she could give David a surprise for his birthday. She would take him the latest DVD of their favorite rock singer. But when she knocked on David’s door in San Francisco, she found that her special friend was a twelve-year-old boy named Jim!
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Jean spends a lot of her time on QQ because she is _______.
A. rich                                          B. famous    
C. young                                       D. lonely
2. Jean thought “David” was special because he _______.
A. made her quite happy on QQ      B. was from San Francisco
C. sent her a picture of himself       D. was tall and good-looking
3. When Jean and “David” met and introduced themselves to each other, who felt surprised?
A. “David”.        B. Both “David” and Jean.
C. Jean.         D. Neither “David” nor Jean.
4. What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. Don’t believe those you get to know on QQ so easily.
B. People don’t use their real names on QQ so often.
C. Don’t go to meet those you get to know on QQ.
D. People should tell their real names to others on QQ.
【答案及解析】
1. 選D。由第1段的句子…In fact, Jean is quite lonely. 可知答案選D。
2. 選A。Jean認為David幽默風趣,在搖滾樂和現代舞上和她有共同的興趣,他們可以在網上快樂地聊上幾個小時。很顯然David使得Jean很開心。答案選A。
3. 選C。文章的最后一句…she found that her special friend was a twelve-year-old boy named Jim!告訴我們,當Jean發現她那特殊的朋友是一個12歲的小孩時,用了一個感嘆號結尾,雖然作者沒有直接說Jean感到驚訝,但是我們可以從這個標點符號推斷出她的感覺應該是十分surprised(驚訝的)。
4. 選A。本文講述Jean交了個十分投緣的網友,后來卻發現對方原來只是一個12歲的小男孩。通過這個故事,短文意在告戒人們不要輕易相信Q友,答案選A。
中考英語閱讀•一輩子的朋友

朋友與你相互嬉鬧,朋友與你互掏腰包;朋友與你互相惦記,朋友與你心有靈犀;朋友與你有苦共擔,朋友與有樂同歡……請讀讀這篇真摯的友情故事。
Linda Evans was my best friend—like the sister I never had. We did everything together: piano lessons, movies, swimming, horseback riding.
When I was 13, my family moved away. Linda and I kept in touch through letters, and we saw each other on special time—like my wedding (婚禮) and Linda’s. Soon we were busy with children and moving to new homes, and we wrote less often. One day a card that I sent came back, stamped “Address (地址) Unknown. ” I had no idea how to find Linda.
Over the years, I missed Linda very much. I wanted to share (分享) happiness of my children and then grandchildren. And I needed to share my sadness when my brother and then mother died. There was an empty place in my heart that only a friend like Linda could fill.
One day I was reading a newspaper when I noticed a photo of a young woman who looked very much like Linda and whose last name was Wagman — Linda’s married name. “There must be thousands of Wagmans,” I thought, but J still wrote to her.
She called as soon as she got my letter. “Mrs Tobin!” she said excitedly, “Linda Evans Wagman is my mother. ”
Minutes later I heard a voice that I knew very much, even after 40 years, laughed and cried and caught up on each other’s lives. Now the empty place in my heart is filled. And there’s one thing that Linda and I know for sure: We won’t lose each other again!
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. The writer went to piano lessons with Linda Evans _______.
A. at the age of 13     
    B. before she got married
C. after they moved to new homes  
    D. before the writer’s family moved away
2. They didn’t often write to each other because they _______.
A. got married
    B. had little time to do so
C. didn’t like writing letters
    D. could see each other on special time
3. There was an empty place in the writer’s heart be¬cause she _______.
A. was in trouble
B. didn’t know Linda’s address
C. received the card that she sent
D. didn’t have a friend like Linda to share her happi¬ness or sadness
4. The writer was happy when she _______.
A. read the newspaper
B. heard Linda’s voice on the phone
C. met a young woman who looked a lot like Linda
D. wrote to the woman whose last name was Wagman
5. They haven’t kept in touch _______.
A. for about 40 years
    B. for about 27 years
C. since they got married
    D. since the writer’s family moved away
【答案及解析】
1. 選D。開始的時候作者與Linda總是一起去上鋼琴課、看電影、游泳、騎馬等,但后來在作者13歲的時候,作者一家搬走了,兩人只能通過書信聯系。比較四個選項,顯然只能選D。
2. 選B。根據文章第2段中的Soon we were busy with children and moving to new homes, and we wrote less often 根據文可知,她們之所以沒經常寫信,是因為她們要忙于照顧孩子,又要搬新家,也就是說,她們沒有時間寫信。
3. 選D。根據文章第3段內容可知答案。
4. 選B。真正讓作者感到高興的是當她在電話上聽到老朋友Linda的聲音的時候。而讀到報紙的時候和寫信的時候都還只是在猜測,那時還談不上高興。
5. 選A。根據文章最后一段中的Minutes later I heard a voice that I knew very much, even after 40 years…可知,答案選A。
中考英語幽默閱讀•看病

每天都有很多人被病痛折磨著,但有些病卻是因為一些不必要的擔憂,正如本文中的tailor一樣,威嚇不少一點憂心,讓自己健康快樂一點呢?
A man went to see his doctor one day, because he was suffering from pains in his stomach. After the doctor had examined him carefully, he said to him, “Well, there’s nothing really wrong with you, I’m glad to say. Your only trouble is that you worry too much. Do you know, I had a man with the same trouble as you here a few weeks ago, and I gave him the same advice as I am going to give you. He was worried because he couldn’t pay his tailor’s bills. I told him not to worry about the bills any more. He took my advice and when he came to see me again two days ago, he told me that he now felt quite all right again. ” “Yes, I know all about that,” answered the patient sadly. “You see, I’m that man’s tailor!”
根據以上短文內容判斷正誤,正確的用“T”表示,錯誤的用“F”表示。
1. The tailor went to see his doctor because he has got a headache.
2. There is nothing serious with the tailor.
3. A man with the same trouble as the tailor a few days ago.
4. The doctor gave the man and the tailor the same advice.
5. The tailor was worried because a man couldn’t pay his bills.
【答案及解析】
1. 選F。根據第1句A man went to see his doctor one day, because he was suffering from pains in his stomach可知本題是錯誤的。
2. 選T。根據…there is no thing really wrong with you (tailor)可知裁縫的身體并沒有什么大礙,故可判斷此題與短文內容相符。
3. 選F。根據句子Do you know, I had a man with the same trouble as you here a few weeks ago可知本題所敘述的時間與短文內容不一致,因此可判斷此題是錯誤的。
4. 選T。根據…and I gave him the same advice as I am going to give you可知答案。
5. 選T。通讀全文我們可知:上一個病人是擔心他自己不能付錢給他的裁縫,而這個裁縫的病因卻是因為擔心那個人不能付錢給他的。

中考英語閱讀理解----母愛
慈母手中線,游子身上衣,誰言寸草心,報得三春暉。母愛是世界上最偉大、最無私的,她寬容大度,她不求回報,她為子女付出很多很多……
I’ve loved my mother’s desk since I was just tall enough to see above the top of it as mother sat doing letters. Standing by her chair, looking at the ink bottle, pens, and white paper, I decided that the act of writing must be the more wonderful thing in the world.
Years later, during her final illness, mother kept different things for my sister and brother. “But the desk,” she’d said again, “it’s for Elizabeth. ”
I never saw her angry, never saw her cry. I knew she loved me; she showed it in action. But as a young girl, I wanted heart-to-heart talks between mother and daughter.
They never happened. And a gulf opened between us. I was “too emotional(易動感情的)”. But she lived “on the surface(表面)”.
As years passed I had my own family. I loved my mother and thanked her for our happy family. I wrote to her in careful words and asked her to let me know in any way she chose that she did forgive(原諒) me.
I posted the letter and waited for her answer. None came.
My hope turned to disappointment(失望), then little interest and, finally, peace— it seemed that nothing happened. I couldn’t be sure that the letter had even got to mother. I only knew that I had written it, and I could stop trying to make her into someone she was not.
Now the present of her desk told, as she’d never been able to, that she was pleased that writing was my chosen work. I cleaned the desk carefully and found some papers inside —a photo of my father and a one-page letter, folded(折疊) and refolded many times.
Give me an answer, my letter asks, in any way you choose. Mother, you always chose the act that speaks louder than words.
根據短文內容,選擇最佳答案。
1. The writer began to love her mother’s desk ______.
A. after Mother died 
    B. before she became a writer
C. when she was a child
    D. when Mother gave it to her
2. The passage shows that ______.
A. mother was cold on the surface but kind in her heart to her daughter
B. mother was too serious about everything her daughter had done
C. mother cared much about her daughter in words
D. mother wrote to her daughter in careful words
3. The word “gulf” in the passage means ______.
A. deep understanding between the old and the young
B. different ideas between the mother and the daughter
C. free talks between mother and daughter
D. part of the sea going far in land
4. What did mother do with her daughter’s letter asking forgiveness?
A. She had never received the letter.
B. For years, she often talked about the letter.
C. She didn’t forgive her daughter at all in all her life.
D. She read the letter again and again till she died.
5. What’s the best title of the passage?
A. My letter to Mother
B. Mother and Children
C. My mother’s Desk
D. Talks between Mother and Me
【答案及解析】
1. 選C。根據I’ve loved my mother’s desk since I was just tall enough to see above the top of it as mother sat doing letters. 可知作者當時還是個小孩子,故選C。
2. 選A。由But she lived “on the surface ”. 和全文內容可知,作者的母親表面上很冷漠,但心里充滿了對作者的愛,正確答案是A。
3. 選B。從I was “too emotional”. But she lived “on the surface”. 可知此詞是指兩人之間不同的看法和觀點,應選B。
4. 選D。根據…a photo of my father and a one-page letter, folded and refolded many times. 可知應選D。
5. 選C。文章的開頭I’ve loved my mother’s desk…以及后面的Now the present of her desk told, as she’d never been able to…可知作者是托物思人,以表達自己對母親的懷念之情,所以最佳標題應是C。
閱讀理解并回答問題
One day the famous American scientist Albert Einstein met an old friend of his on a street in New York.
“Mr Einstein,” said the friend, “ it seems that you need to put on a new overcoat. Look, how worn-out it is!”
“It doesn’t matter,” answered Albert Einstein. “No one knows me here in New York.”
Several years later they met in New York again. Einstein had been a world-famous physicist after then but he still wore the same old overcoat.
Once more his friend persuaded him to buy a new one.
“There is no need now,” said Einstein, “Everybody here has known me.”
根據短文內容,回答問題。
1. Where did Albert Einstein met an old friend of his?
________________________________________________________________
2. What did the friend want him to buy?
________________________________________________________________
3. How about Einstein’s overcoat?
________________________________________________________________
4. Did Einstein still wear the same old overcoat when he became a world-famous physicist?
________________________________________________________________
5. What did Einstein say when the friend persuade once more him to buy a new overcoat?
________________________________________________________________
【答案及解析】
1. On a street in New York。所問的問題是“愛因斯坦在那兒遇見了他的老朋友?”根據One day the famous American scientist Albert Einstein met an old friend of his on a street in New York(一天,在紐約的一條街道上,著名美國科學家愛因斯坦遇見了他的一個老朋友)就能作出上述回答。
2. A new overcoat。所問的問題是 “他的朋友讓他買什么?” 根據“ it seems that you need to put on a new overcoat. Look, how worn-out it is!”(“你該穿一件新大衣了。看,你的大衣多么破呀!)就能作出上述回答。
3. Very old。所問的問題是 “愛因斯坦的大衣怎么樣了?” 根據文章的標題就能作出上述回答。
4. Yes, he did。所問的問題是 “成名之后的愛因斯坦仍然穿同一件破大衣嗎?” 根據Several years later they met in New York again. Einstein had been a world-famous physicist after then but he still wore the same old overcoat. (幾年之后,他們再次在紐約相遇了,這時候的愛因斯坦已經成了世界著名的大科學家。然而,他仍然穿著那件破大衣)就能作出上述回答
5. There is no need now. Everybody here has known me。所問的問題是 “當朋友再次勸愛因斯坦買一件新大衣時,他是怎么說的?” 根據“There is no need now,” said Einstein, “Everybody here has known me.”(愛因斯坦說:“沒有必要了,這兒的人都知道我了)就能作出上述回答。
中考閱讀理解(回答問題類)
Once Goethe, the great German poet, was walking in a park. He was thinking about something when he noticed he came to a very, very narrow road. Just at that time, a young man came towards him from the other end of the road. It was too narrow for both of them to pass through at the same time. They stopped and looked at each other for a while. Then the young man said rudely, “I never make way for a fool.” But Goethe smiled and said, “I always do.” Then he turned back quickly and walked towards the end of the road.
根據短文內容,回答問題。
1. Where was Goethe walking?
________________________________________________________________
2. Who came towards Goethe from the other end of the road?
________________________________________________________________
3. Was the road too narrow for both of them to pass through at the same time?
________________________________________________________________
4. Did the young man make way for Goethe?
________________________________________________________________
5. Who turned back quickly and walked towards the end of the road?
________________________________________________________________


答案及解析:
1. In a park。 所問的問題是“歌德正走在什么地方?”根據Once Goethe, the great German poet, was walking in a park(有一次,德國大詩人歌德正在一個公園里散步)就能作出上述回答。
2. A young man。所問的問題是“誰從路的另一端向歌德走來?”根據Just at that time, a young man came towards him from the other end of the road(就在那個時候,一個年輕人從從路的另一端向他走來)就能作出上述回答。
3. Yes, it was。所問的問題是“這條路太窄兩個人不能同時經過嗎?”根據It was too narrow for both of them to pass through at the same time. (這條路太窄兩個人不能同時經過)就能作出上述回答。
4. No, he didn’t。所問的問題是“那個年輕人給歌德讓路了嗎?”根據Then the young man said rudely, “I never make way for a fool.”(當時,那個年輕人粗暴地說:“我決不會給一個傻瓜讓路)就能作出上述回答。
5. Goethe。所問的問題是“誰很快轉身走回去?”根據Goethe smiled and said, “I always do.” Then he turned back quickly and walked towards the end of the road(歌德微笑著說:“我總是給傻瓜讓路”,說吧,他很快轉身走回去)就能作出上述回答。
中考英語閱讀理解•顧此失彼

許多年前,農民為保護他們的雞而獵殺了很多老鷹。然而新的問題來了,田里的田鼠猖狂了起來,結果農民的莊稼大多給吃光了。這是怎么回事呢?看看下文你就知道了,但一定要記住:It is important for us to keep the balance of nature.
Not many years ago, some farmers were worried because hawks were taking many of their chicken. The farmers didn’t know what to do. Finally they went to the country officials and asked for help.
“Kill the hawks,” the officials said, “We will even pay for them,” so the farmers began to think of ways to kill the hawks.
The farmers killed many hawks. They no longer had to worry about their chickens. But they now had a new worry. Field mice were eating up a lot of the farmers’ grain.
How did this happen?
Hawks eat not only chickens but also field mice. They eat more field mice than chickens. But the farmers didn’t know this. When they killed a lot of hawks, they changed the balance.
When people move into a new place, they often destroy many wild plants. Often these plants are food for the animals. If the animals can’t find enough plants to eat, they will starve or have to leave the place.
In one part of the USA, for example the deer there like to eat a certain kind of wild roses. The mountain lions there eat the deer. The number of deer, mountain lions and wild roses doesn’t change much if people leave things as they are.
But people killed many mountain lions in order to protect the deer. Soon there were so many deer that they ate up all the wild roses. Then the deer began to eat the green leaves of young trees. These trees were important to the farmers. So the farmers thought of ways to protect their trees. Now the deer had nothing to eat, and many of them died. This was another lesson from nature.
To keep the balance of nature is important for us to remember.
根據以上短文內容判斷正誤,正確的用“T”表示,錯誤的用“F”表示。
1. Finally the officials told the farmers to kill the hawks.
2. Field mice eat not only chickens but also the farmers’ grain.
3. When the animals can’t find enough plants to eat in a place, they will starve or have to leave.
4. The number of animals changes much if people leave things as they are.
5. It is important for us to keep the balance of nature.
【答案及解析】
1. 選T。根據句子 “Kill the hawks,” the officials said. 可知,此題與短文內容相符合,所以可判斷為正確。
2. 選F。本題句意為“田鼠不僅吃小雞還吃農民的莊稼”,但由句子Field mice were eating up a lot of the farmers’ grain. 可知,田鼠只吃莊稼,
3. 選T。由句子If the animals can’t find enough plants to eat, they will starve or have to leave the place. 可知本題正確。
4. 選F。由短文內容可知,如果人們不破壞生態平衡,而順其自然,則動物的數量不會有多大的改變。故本題與原文不一致,所以判斷此題錯誤。
5. 選T。從短文的最后一句To keep the balance of nature is important for us to remember. 我們知道:保持生態平衡對我們來說是非常重要的。
中考英語閱讀理解•幽默故事


學習不用功可能挨老師的批評,考試不及格可能被父母打屁股,但你聽說過有學習不用功要被釘死在十字架上的嗎?本文中的Little Tommy就是這樣想的。
Little Tommy was doing very badly in math. His parents had tried everything—tutors (家庭教師), cards, special learning centers—in short, everything they could think of. Finally they took Tommy to a catholic (天主教的) school.
After the first day, little Tommy came home with a very serious look on his face. He didn’t kiss his mother hello. Instead, he went straight to his room and started studying. Books and papers were spread (鋪開) out all over the room and little Tommy was hard at work. His mother was surprised. She called him down to dinner and as soon as he finished eating, he went back to his room, without a word. In no time he was back hitting the books as hard as before. This went on for some time, day after day while the mother tried to understand what was happening.
Finally, little Tommy brought home his report card. He quietly put it on the table and went up to his room and hit the books. His mom looked at it and to her surprise, little Tommy got an A in math. She could no longer hold her curiosity (好奇心). She went to his room and asked, “Son, what was it? Was it the nuns (修女)?”
Little Tommy looked at her and shook his head, “No. ”
“Well then,” she asked again. “WHAT was it?”
Little Tommy looked at her and said, “Well, on the first day of school, when I saw that man nailed (釘) to the plus sign (加號), I knew they weren’t joking. ”
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Why did Tommy’s parents send him to a catholic school?
A. Because he could eat well there.
B. Because he could earn more about nuns.
C. Because his parents wanted him to do better in his math.
D. Because his parents didn’t want him to learn math any more.
2. Tommy’s mother felt surprised that his son _______.
A. was still the same as usual
B. ate so much at dinner
C. kissed her hello after school
D. worked hard but said little
3. “Hitting the books” means “_______” in Chinese.
A. 用功
B. 捶書
C. 發泄
D. 振作
4. The last sentence in the passage shows that _______.
A. Tommy felt sorry for the mail
B. Tommy was afraid of being nailed
C. Tommy didn’t like the plus sign
D. Tommy liked playing jokes on others
5. From the passage, we can infer (推斷) that _______.
A. teachers should be strict with their students
B. mistaking (誤解) might do good sometimes
C. a catholic school is much better than other ones
D. nuns are good at helping children with their math
【答案及解析】
1. 選C。文章第1段說Tommy數學學不好,其父母想盡了一切辦法都不奏效,最后將他送進了一所天主教的教會學校。
2. 選D。認真閱讀第2段前面幾句話,并注意以下信息:After the first day, little Tommy came home…didn’t kiss his mother hello…was hard at work…without a word. 可知答案應選D。
3. 選A。根據文章大意和Finally, little Tommy brought home his report card. He quietly put it on the table and went up to his room and hit the books這個句子的語境,可知hit the books的意思是“用功”。
4. 選B。Tommy學習一直不用功,但自從進了這所catholic school之后,情況就不一樣了——整天都發狠讀書,結果數學考試也得了A。這是為什么呢?文章在最后道出了其原因:Well, on the first day of school, when I saw that man nailed (釘) to the plus sign (加號), I knew they weren’t joking. 由此可知,Tommy是擔心學習不用功會被釘在十字架上。
5. 選B。Tommy把the man nailed to the plus sign誤解為“學習不用功的結果”,從而一改自己原來不好學的不良習慣,很快就把數學成績趕了上去。可見,誤解有時也可以起到好的效果
中考英語閱讀理解一篇

撿錢不還雖可享用一時,但良心會一輩子不安;拾金不昧雖有點一時不忍,但那種感覺將會worth more than anything could buy。
I worked for a short time as a cashier(出納員) at a restaurant a few months ago. I also helped to clean up the tables when it was very busy. One night, just before Christmas, I found a large black wallet on the floor near one of the tables. I guessed I should check it to find out who was the owner, but I was very busy at the time. And I imagined that if there was something valuable(有價值的) in the wallet, the owner would be back. Sure enough, an hour later a man came up to the counter and asked if anyone had found a wallet. I asked him to describe the lost wallet, and after he described it exactly, I gave him the wallet. He expressed his thanks when I handed it to him. He asked me if I had opened it, and when I told him “no”. At once he opened it and showed that it had nearly $ 800 in cash(現金). He took out a twenty-dollar bill and handed it to me and I was amazed at this. “A reward(酬勞) for your honesty,” he said and then turned and walked away.
Thinking about it later, I began wondering whether I would have been honest if I had known what was in the wallet! I thought that if I had no way to find the owner and no one returned to get it, I might keep it. But it also came into my mind that I actually saved someone’s Christmas plans by finding and returning the wallet. The good feeling it gave me was worth more than anything could buy.
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Which of the following is true?
A. The owner of the wallet found a twenty-dollar bill gone.
B. The writer wasn’t surprised when the man gave her a reward.
C. Nothing in the wallet was missing.
D. The man was very, very excited when he got his wallet back.
2. The writer returned the wallet to the owner because _______.
A. she thought Christmas was coming 
B. the owner came back too soon
C. she didn’t know there was so much money in it
D. as an honest person, she didn’t care much about money
3. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. The writer accepted a reward of $ 20.
B. The writer regretted(后悔) that she had returned the wallet.
C. The writer didn’t return the wallet until the owner came back.
D. The writer fell very happy after she returned the wallet.
【答案及解析】
1. 選C。由于作者并未打開錢包,更沒有從中取出什么,所以說Nothing in the wallet was missing。
2. 選B。根據文章最后一段中的Thinking about it later, I began wondering whether I would have been honest if I had known what was in the wallet! I thought that if I had no way to find the owner and no one returned to get it, I might keep it可排除選項C和D。比較選項A和B,再結合文章大意,選B為佳(from www.zkenglish.com)
3. 選B。此題可用排除法來做:根據第1段最后兩句He took out a twenty-dollar bill and handed it to me and I was amazed at this. “A reward for your honesty,” he said and then turned and walked away可知選項A與文章內容相符;選項B的意思是“作者直到失主返回來才將錢包還給他”,這顯然與文章內容相符;根據第2段最后一句話The good feeling it gave me was worth more than anything could buy可知,選項D也與文章內容相符。
中考英語閱讀理解•頑童的承諾


兄弟可以相依相伴,可以同甘共苦,也可以為彼此付出一切……請讀讀這篇感人的兄弟情的故事吧!
A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin(頑童) was walking around the shining car. “Is this your car, sir?” he asked.
Paul answered, “Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas.” The boy was surprised. “You mean your brother gave it to you and it did cost you nothing? Sir, I wish…” He hesitated(猶豫). Paul thought of course he knew what the boy wanted, but what the boy said surprised him greatly. “I wish,” the boy went on, “that I could be a brother like that.” Paul looked at the boy in surprise, and then he said again, “Would you like to take a ride in my car?” “Oh yes, I’d love to,” the boy answered.
After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, “Sir, would you mind driving in front of my house?”
Paul smiled a little. He thought he knew what the boy wanted. He wanted to show his neighbors that he could ride home in a big car. But Paul was wrong again. “Will you stop where those two steps are?” the boy asked.
He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled(殘疾的) brother. He sat down on the step and pointed to the car.
“There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn’t cost him a cent. And some day I’m going to give you one just like it…then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas windows that I’ve been trying to tell you about.”
Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed elder brother climbed in beside him and the three began an unforgettable holiday ride.
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. The street urchin was very surprised when _______.
A. he met Paul
B. Paul told him about the car
C. Paul received an expensive car
D. he was walking around the car
2. From the story we can see the urchin _______.
A. wished to give his brother a car
B. wanted Paul’s brother to give him a car
C. wished he could have a brother like Paul’s
D. wished Paul could be a brother like that
3. The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ______.
A. to show he had a rich friend
    B. to show his neighbors the big car
C. to let his brother ride in the car
    D. to tell his brother about his wish
4. We can find from the story that _______.
A. the urchin wished Paul to give his car to Buddy
B. the urchin wished to have a rich brother
C. the urchin had a deep love for his brother
D. the urchin’s wish came true in the end
5. The best name of the story is _______.
A. A Christmas Present    B. Paul, a Kind-hearted Person
C. A Brother Like That     D. An Unforgettable Holiday Ride
【答案及解析】
1. 選B。根據第2段中的 Paul answered, “Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas.” The boy was surprised.可知答案為B。
2. 選A。The urchin 指著 Paul 的車對他的弟弟說:“And someday I’m going to give you one just like it…”所以 the urchin 希望也能給他弟弟一輛車。
3. 選D。The urchin 要 Paul 把車停在他家門前后,立即扶著他殘疾的弟弟出來,讓他看看Paul的車,然后告訴弟弟他想為他做的事,所以他只是想告訴他弟弟他的愿望。
4. 選C。The urchin 在坐過 Paul 的車后沒有忘記弟弟,并且承諾也要給弟弟買一輛車,可見他對弟弟有著一份深深的愛。答案選C,而A、B、D三項與文章不符。
5. 選C。通讀全文,我們不得不為 The urchin 的行為所感動,他是一個好哥哥。文章就是講述了他這樣的一位好哥哥,C選項最合適。
中考閱讀理解:一場可怕的暴風雨

Last Friday a storm swept through two villages in the New Territories, destroying (摧毀) fourteen homes. Seven others were so badly damaged (破壞) that their owners had to leave them, and fifteen others had broken windows or broken roofs. One person was killed, several were badly hurt and taken to hospital, and a number of other people received smaller hurt. Altogether over two hundred people were homeless after the storm.
A farmer, Mr. Tan, said that the storm began early in the morning and lasted for over an hour.
“I was eating with my wife and children,” he said, “When we heard a loud noise. A few minutes later our house fell down on top of us. We tried our best to climb out but then I saw that one of my children was missing. I went back inside and found him, safe but very frightened.”
Mrs. Woo Mei Fong said that her husband had just left for work when she felt that her house was moving. She ran outside at once with her children.
“There was no time to take anything,” she said, “A few minutes later, the roof came down.”
Soldiers helped to take people out of the flooded (水淹的) area and the welfare department (福利機構) brought them food, clothes and shelter.
1. How many homes altogether (總共) were damaged in the storm?
A. Fourteen B. Twenty-one
C. Twenty-nine D. Thirty-six
2. Where was Mr. Tan when the storm first began?
A. He was in bed.                                  B. He was inside the house.
C. He was outside the house.                  D. He was on the roof.
3. Mrs. Woo and her family didn’t get hurt because _________.
A. her husband knew there would be a storm
B. they were all outside the house when the storm became worse
C. she felt the house was moving
D. the welfare department helped her
4. The underlined word “shelter” in this passage means ______.
A. something to eat B. something to wear
C. somewhere to study D. somewhere to stay
5. Which of he following may be the best title for this passage?
A. A Terrible Storm B. A Lucky Woman
C. Good Soldiers  D. Clever People
【答案及解析】一場暴風雨席卷了兩個村莊——不僅摧毀了房屋,也是造成了人員傷亡,還有二百多人無家可歸。
1. D。根據第一段出現的三個數字14,7,15即可知D為正確答案。
2. B。根據“I was eating with my wife and children.”可排除A和D,由下文可知C也不合題意。
3. C。答案即在即在…she felt that her house was moving中。
4. D。考慮全文意思及最末一段,可知暴風雨過后,房屋倒塌,人員傷亡。人們不僅需要食品、衣物,還需要住的地方。
5. A。這篇閱讀材料主要描述了暴風雨襲擊的過程。顯然選項A是本文的主旨。
中考閱讀理解:蚊子咬人有講究

We know the mosquito very well. Mosquitoes fly everywhere. They can be found almost all over the world, and there are more than 2,500 kinds of them.
No one likes the mosquito. But the mosquito may decide that she loves you. She? Yes, she. It’s true that male mosquito doesn’t bite(咬) and only the female mosquito bites because she needs blood to lay eggs. She is always looking for things or people she wants to bite. If she likes what she finds, she bites. But if she doesn’t like your blood, she will turn to someone else for more delicious blood. Next time a mosquito bites you, just remember you are chosen. You’re different from the others!
If the mosquito likes you, she lands on your body without letting you know. She bites you so quickly and quietly that you may not feel anything different. After she bites, you will have an itch(癢) on your body because she puts something from her mouth together with your blood. By the time the itching begins, and she has flown away.
And then what happens? Well, after her delicious dinner, the mosquito feels tired. She just wants to find a place to have a good rest. There, on a leaf or a wall, she begins to lay eggs, hundreds of eggs.
1. “Mosquito” means _______ in Chinese.
A. 蒼蠅 B. 蜻蜓
C. 跳蚤 D. 蚊子
2. We know mosquitoes very well because ___________.
A. they can be found easily B. they fly here and there
C. there are many kinds of them D. they can fly
3. If the mosquito doesn’t bite you, it will ________.
A. get angry with you B. be afraid of you
C. make a lot of noise D. choose another one
4. The mosquito bites you _________.
A. when you’re asleep B. because you have choose it
C. too quickly to let you know D. but doesn’t like you
5. Which of the following sentences is wrong?
A. The itching begins after the mosquito bites you.
B. You feel terrible when the mosquito bites you.
C. Mosquitoes use blood to lay eggs.
D. All the mosquitoes don’t like to bite people for blood.
    
答案及解析:
1. D。“吸血”和“會飛”是mosquitoes的兩個主要特征。根據這兩個特點,聯系生活常識,即可選定答案。另外,讀罷全文之后,也能將其余選項予以排除。
2. B。“We know the mosquito very well. Mosquitoes fly everywhere.”一句是答案的出處。
3. D。答案就在“But if she doesn’t like your blood, she will turn to someone else for more delicious blood.”這句話之中。
4. C。答案的依據是“…she lands on your body without letting you know. She bites you so quickly and quietly that you may not feel anything different.”一句。
5. B。其余三項在文中都有明確的說明。根據上面那個小題的內容,B項明顯是錯誤的。

中考英語閱讀理解•外星人

Shlander is a man from space. He thinks the people and things on the earth are very strange. He is now writing a letter to his friend at home. Here is part of his letter. Read it and answer the questions.
Now I am in a strange world. It is very nice. There are many new things here. There are many earth monsters here, too. The earth monsters look very funny. They have just one head, two arms and two legs. They have thin black strings on their heads. Some earth monsters have brown or yellow strings. The earth monsters have a hole in their face. Every day, they put nice things and balls from the trees into the hole. They put water into the hole, too. The earth monsters do not walk very fast. They move from place to pace in tin boxes.
At night, the earth monsters like to look at a square window box. This box has very small earth monsters in it.
根據短文內容選擇正確答案。
1. Shlander thinks the people and things on the earth are very ________.
A. strange                                         B. nice 
C. different                                       D. beautiful
2. Shlander thinks man on the earth is ________.
A. a monkey                                     B. a earth monster 
C. a tin box                                       D. a strange world
3. The earth monster doesn’t have ________.
A. heads, arms and legs                     B. brown or yellow strings on its head 
C. a hole on its face                           D. a swing on its body
4. The earth monsters don’t put ________ on their holes.
A. nice things                                    B. balls  
C. fire                                              D. water
5. The square window box is ________.
A. a car or a bus                                 B. a very small earth monster
C. a TV set                                         D. a radio
答案及解析:
1. A。根據Shlander is a man from space. He thinks the people and things on the earth are very strange(Shlander是個太空人,他認為地球上的人和物非常奇怪)就能確定正確選項。
2. B。根據 Now I am in a strange world. It is very nice. There are many new things here. There are many earth monsters here, too. The earth monsters look very funny(我到了一個陌生的世界中,這個世界非常優美,有許多要學的新東西,也有許多地球怪物,這些怪物看起來挺有趣)就能確定正確選項。
3. D。根據They have just one head, two arms and two legs. They have thin black strings on their heads. Some earth monsters have brown or yellow strings. The earth monsters have a hole in their face(地球怪物只有一個頭,兩只胳膊兩條腿,頭上有又黑又細的繩子,有的是棕色,有的是黃色,臉上還有一個洞),顯然,前三個選項都是人類的特征,都不能被選。
4. C。根據Every day, they put nice things and balls from the trees into the hole. They put water into the hole, too(每天他們把好東西和從樹上摘下來的球放進洞里,也往洞里放水)就能確定正確選項(from www.zkenglish.com)。
5. C。根據At night, the earth monsters like to look at a square window box. This box has very small earth monsters in it(夜里,地球怪物喜歡看一個方形的窗臺上的花盆箱,這個箱子非常小,有地球怪物在里面)就能斷定文章中的方盒子就是一臺電視機。
中考英語閱讀理解(諾貝爾的故事)

Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish inventor and industrialist, was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833, but moved to Russia with his parents in 1842, where his father, Immanuel, made a strong position for himself in the engineering industry. Immanuel Nobel invented landmine and made a lot of money from the government during the Crimean War, but went bankrupt soon after. Then, the family returned to Sweden in 1859, where Alfred began his own study of explosives in his father’s lab. He had never been to school or university but had taught himself, and by the time he was twenty, he became a skillful chemist and excellent linguist, speaking Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. He built up over 80 companies in 20 different countries. He was always searching for a meaning to life. He spent much time and money working on how to end the wars, and the peace between nations, until his death in Italy in 1896. His famous last will, in which he left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in physics, chemistry, physiology, medicine, literature and peace, is a memorial to his interests and ideas. And so, the man is remembered and respected long after his death.
根據短文內容,選擇能回答所提問題的正確答案。
1. Where was Alfred Nobel born? He was born in ________.
A. Sweden                                   B. Stockholm
C. Russia                                     D. Moscow
2. What did Immanuel Nobel invented during the Crimean War?
A. The engineering industry.           B. A strong position.
C. Landmine.                                D. Study of explosives.
3. Why did Alfred Nobel return to Sweden ? Because his father ________.
A. went bankrupt                           B. was put in prison  
C. was ill                                       D. died
4. How many companies did Alfred Nobel build up? He built up ________ companies in different countries.
A. 20                                              B. 40
C. 60                                              D. 80
5. What was Alfred Nobel always searing for? ________.
A. More time and more money       B. A meaning to life  
C. How to end the war             D. The peace between nations
答案及解析
1. B。根據Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish inventor and industrialist, was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833. (偉大的瑞典發明家和實業家諾貝爾于1883年10月21日出生于斯德哥爾摩)就能確定正確選項。
2. C。根據Immanuel Nobel invented landmine and made a lot of money from the government during the Crimean War(以馬利•諾貝爾在克里米亞戰爭中發明地雷,掙了很多錢)就能確定正確答案。
3. A。根據went bankrupt soon after(不久破產了)就能確定正確答案(from www.zkenglish.com)。
4. D。根據He built up over 80 companies in 20 different countries(他在20個國家建了80多個公司)就能確定答案。
5. B。根據He was always searching for a meaning to life(他總是在搜索生活的意義)就能確定答案。
中考英語閱讀理解•她用愛創造奇跡

An eight-year-old child heard her parents talking about her little brother. All she knew was that he was very sick and they had no money. Only a very expensive operation could save him now and there was no one to lend them the money.
When she heard her daddy say to her tearful mother, “Only a miracle can save him now,” the little girl went to her bedroom and pulled her money from its hiding place and counted it carefully.
She hurried to a drugstore (藥店) with the money in her hand.
“And what do you want?” asked the salesman. “It’s for my little brother,” the girl answered. “He’s really, really sick and I want to buy a miracle.” “Pardon?” said the salesman.
“My brother Andrew has something bad growing in¬side his head and my daddy says only a miracle can save him. So how much does a miracle cost?” “We don’t sell a miracle here, child. I’m sorry,” the salesman said with a smile.
“Listen, if it isn’t enough, I can try and get some more. Just tell me how much it costs.”
A well-dressed man heard it and asked, “What kind of a miracle does your brother need?”
“I don’t know,” she answered with her eyes full of tears. “He’s really sick and mum says he needs an opera¬tion. But my daddy can’t pay for it, so I have brought all my money.”
“How much do you have?” asked the man. “$ 1.11, but I can try and get some more,” she answered.
“Well, what luck,” smiled the man. “$ 1.11, the price of a miracle for little brothers.”
He took up the girl’s hand and said, “Take me to where you live. I want to see your brother and meet your parents. Let’s see if I have the kind of miracle you need.”
That well-dressed man was Dr Carlton Armstrong, a famous doctor. The operation was successful and it wasn’t long before Andrew was home again.
How much did the miracle cost? (from www.zkenglish.com)
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. What was the trouble in the little girl’s family?
A. Her brother was seriously ill.
B. They had no money.
C. Nothing could save her brother.
D. Both A and B.
2. In the eye of the little girl, a miracle might be _______.
A. something interesting
B. something beautiful
C. some wonderful medicine
D. some good food
3. The little girl said again and again “...I can try and get some more.” That shows _______.
A. she had still kept some money    
B. she hoped not to be refused
C. There was no need to worry about money
D. she thought money was easy to get
4. What made the miracle happen?
A. The girl’s love for her brother.
B. The girl’s money.
C. The medicine from the drugstore.
D. Nobody can tell.
5. From the passage we can infer (推斷) that _______.
A. The doctor didn’t ask for any pay
B. A miracle is sure to happen if you keep on
C. The little girl is lovely but not so clever
D. Andrew was in fact not so sick as they had thought
【答案及解析】
1. 選 D。根據第1段中的All she knew was that he was very sick and they had no money可知答案。
2. 選 C。由于這個小女孩的家很窮,而她的兄弟又病得那樣重,所以她的父親說Only a miracle can save him now,小女孩聽了之后便翻出她所有的“積蓄”去藥店購買miracle,由此可見,小女孩可能認為miracle是一種什么很神奇的藥。注:miracle的實際意思是“奇跡”,Only a miracle can save him now的意思是“只有出現奇跡才可能救得了他” (from www.zkenglish.com)。
3. 選 D。The urchin 要Paul把車停在他家門前后,立即扶著他殘疾的弟弟出來,讓他看看Paul的車,然后告訴弟弟他想為他做的事,所以他只是想告訴他弟弟他的愿望。
4. 選 C。The urchin在坐過Paul的車后沒有忘記弟弟,并且承諾也要給弟弟買一輛車,可見他對弟弟有著一份深深的愛。答案選C,而A、B、D三項與文章不符。
5. 選 C。通讀全文,我們不得不為The urchin 的行為所感動,他是一個好哥哥。文章就是講述了他這樣的一位好哥哥,C選項最合適。

中考閱讀理解(友誼地久天長)

這是一首經典歌曲,已經被幾代人傳唱,每當有人唱起這首歌時,依然會讓人熱淚盈眶。因為這首歌中表達的是一種永恒的情,是每個人都渴望得到的,這就是友誼。

This is a song millions of Americans will hear this New Year’s Eve. It is called Auld Lang Syne (《友誼地久天長》). It is the traditional music played during the New Year’s celebration. Auld Lang Syne is an old Scottish poem. It tells about the need to remember old friends.
The words “auld lang syne” mean “old long since”. No one knows who wrote the poem first. However, a version by Scottish poet Robert Bums was published (出版) in 1796. The words and music we know today first appeared in a songbook three years later.
The song is played in the United States mainly on New Year’s Eve. The version (譯文) you are hearing today is by the Washington Saxophone Quartet. As we end our program with Auld Lang Syne. I would like to wish all of our radio friends a very Happy New Year! This is Buddy Thomas. (from www.zkenglish.com)
根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Where is this passage from?
A. A newspaper. B. A magazine.
C. A TV program. D. A radio program.
2. Who is introducing Auld Lang Syne to us?
A. Robert Bums. B. The Washington Saxophone Quartet.
C. Buddy Thomas. D. The passage doesn’t tell us.
3. When is Auld Lang Syne mainly played in the USA according to the passage?
A. On New Year’s Eve. B. On Christmas Eve.
C. On weekends. D. On holidays.
4. When did the words and music of Auld Lang Syne we know today first appear?
A. In 1790. B. In 1793.
C. In 1796. D. In 1799.
5. What’s Auld Lang Syne about?
A. It’s about the history of Scotland.
B. It’s about an old Scottish poet.
C. It’s about the need to remember old friends.
D. It’s about the wishes to the radio friends.
【答案及解析】
1. 選D。從最后句子As we end our program with Auld Lang Syne. I would like to wish all of our radio friends a very Happy New Year! This is Buddy Thomas.我們可以知道,這是播音員在結束節目時才會說的話,所以可以推斷出這篇短文來自A radio program(一個廣播節目)。答案為D。
2. 選C。最后一句話告訴我們播音員是Buddy Thomas,所以答案是C。
3. 選A。短文的第1句This is a song millions of Americans will hear this New Year’s Eve.就告訴了我們,這首歌是在New Year’s Eve聽的,所以答案選擇A。
4. 選D。從第2段可以知道這首歌的前身是a poem(一首詩),在1796年出版,而The words and music we know today first appeared in a songbook three years later. 3年以后歌曲才出現,所以應該是在1799年。因此答案是D(from www.zkenglish.com)。
5. 選C。在第1段播音員就告訴我們:It tells about the need to remember old friends. 所以答案是C。

回答問題式閱讀理解

Have you ever heard of a girl of 15, who set up a company of her own? Wendy Wong is the girl. She started the business two years ago. She has already written several successful computer games. They are so popular that over half a million games are sold every year. Now all of her family work in her business, and she is still at school.
She gets up early in the morning, and then she talks with her family about the business over breakfast. Every day she goes to school in her own car with a driver, for she is not old enough.
She enjoys her school, but some of the work is too easy for her to feel interested. She usually gets ‘A’ grades in all her subjects, so the other students often ask her for help.
She finished her homework in half an hour after her driver takes her home. After dinner, she goes to her office and goes on working on her computer, writing games until 2 am. She does not usually need so much sleep as other children.
根據短文內容,回答問題。
1. When did Wendy Wong start the business?
________________________________________________
2. What has Wendy Wong already written successful?
________________________________________________
3. How does Wendy Wong go to school every day?
________________________________________________
4. How about her grades in all her subjects?
________________________________________________
5. How long can she finish her homework?
________________________________________________
【答案及解析】
1. At the age of thirteen。所問的問題是“Wendy Wong什么時候開始做生意?” 根據Have you ever heard of a girl of 15, who set up a company of her own? Wendy Wong is the girl. She started the business two years ago(你曾經聽說過一個15歲辦了屬于自己的公司的女孩嗎? Wendy Wong就是這個辦公司的女孩,她兩年以前就開始做生意 )就能作出上述回答。
2. Computer games。所問的問題是“她成功地寫出了什么?”根據 She has already written several successful computer games(她已經成功地寫出了幾部游戲程序)就能作出上述回答。
3. In her own car with a driver。所問的問題是“Wendy Wong每天怎樣去上學?”根據Every day she goes to school in her own car with a driver, for she is not old enough(每天司機開著她自己的車送她去上學, 這是因為她年齡還小)就能作出上述回答。
4. She usually gets A grades。所問的問題是“Wendy Wong的學習怎么樣?”根據She usually gets ‘A’ grades in all her subjects, so the other students often ask her for help. (在所有功課中,她通常都得優秀,因此,她的同學常常問她功課方面的問題)就能作出上述回答。
5. In half an hour。所問的問題是“她多長時間能做完作業?”根據She finished her homework in half an hour after her driver takes her home(在她的司機送她回家之后的半個小時內完成作業)就能作出上述回答。
做閱讀理解的五點注意

一、五點注意
注意一:試題各小題所提供的四個備選項,有的是語法、結構上有錯誤,有的是與短文意思不相符。解題時要把有結構、語法錯誤的先排除,再考慮是否符合短文內容。
注意二:對短文中的生詞或看不懂的句子,應大膽根據構詞法及上、下文意思進行猜測,尤其對涉及文中某個詞或某個句子含義的選擇試題,要根據文章所闡述的主要內容及上、下文內在邏輯關系,大膽分析推斷,去偽存真選出正確答案。
注意三:對于涉及文章主旨、大意、作者意圖及短文標題等選擇試題,雖然短文中沒有直接說明,可統觀全文,通過短文所提供的材料或聯想短文材料以外的常識,如結合已學過的自然、社會科學知識加以綜合理解、分析推測或按作者的思路進行推理,從而且推斷出正確答案。
注意四:做選擇試題時一般先做在文中能直接找到依據的細節題,后做主旨題、推理題。這樣在對語篇有更多領悟的基礎上再進行推理判斷和概括總結,把握性就更大。
注意五:閱讀的順序一般是先讀短文,再看題目,然后逐題作答。若文章較長,也可以先將測試題目通覽一遍,然后帶著問題閱讀文章。這樣對與答題有關的段落、句子反應敏感,而對其他與答題無關的部分可以不必花費太多時間,閱讀速度就可加快些。

二、實例分析(共五篇,答案均有解析)
(A)
Henry was an office worker in a big city. He worked very hard and enjoyed traveling in his holidays.
He usually went to the seaside, but one year he saw an advertisement in a newspaper. “Enjoy country life. Spend a few weeks at West Hill Farm. Good food. Fresh air. Horse riding. Walking. Fishing. Cheap and interesting.”
“This sounds a good idea,” he thought. “I’ll spend a month at West Hill Farm. I think I can enjoy horse riding, walking and fishing. They’ll make a change from sitting by the seaside and swimming.”
He wrote to the farmer. In the letter he said that he would like to spend all of July there. Then on the first of July, he left for West Hill Farm.
But four days later, he returned home.
“What was wrong with West Hill Farm?” his best friend, Ed, asked him. “Didn’t you enjoy country life?”
“Country life was very good,” Henry said. “But there was another problem.”
“Oh. What?”
“Well,” he said, “the first day I was there a sheep died, and we had roast mutton for dinner.”
“What’s wrong with that?” Ed asked. “Fresh meat is the best.”
“I know, but on the second day a cow died, and we had roast beef for dinner.”
“Lucky you!”
“You don’t understand,” Henry said. “on the third day a pig died and we had roast pork for dinner.”
“A different meat every day,” Ed said loudly, “and you are complaining!”
“Let me finish,” Henry said. “on the fourth day the farmer died, and I didn’t dare (敢)stay for dinner!”
1. How did Henry find out about the farm?
A. He saw it in a newspaper advertisement.
B. His best friend told him.
C. He wrote to the farmer.
D. Maybe he learned it from the radio.
2. Henry came back home several days later because ______________.
A. he didn’t like the country life at all
B. the farmer wasn’t friendly to him
C. his holiday was over
D. he thought he might have to eat the farmer
3. “…and you are complaining!”, the word “complain” means __________.
A. 夸獎 B. 說三道四 C. 抱怨 D. 故弄玄虛
4. Which of the following sentences is true?
A. Ed could eat a different kind of meat every day.
B. Henry thought he could enjoy a change.
C. Henry couldn’t think of anything else to do, so he went to the farm.
D. The farmer died because of the bad meat he ate.
5. Which is the best title for the passage?
A. What a beautiful farm! B. Have a good time.
C. A short holiday  D. Henry and the farmer.
(B)
Paragraph 1
Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of people need. They say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day, they are: (1) green and yellow vegetables of all kinds; (2) citrus (柑桔) fruits and tomatoes; (3) potatoes and other fruits and vegetables; 94) meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; (5) milk and foods made from milk; (6) bread or cereal (谷類), rice is also in this kind of food; (7) butter, or something like butter.
Paragraph 2
People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day. Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. It doesn’t matter whether foods are eaten raw or cooked, canned (罐裝的) or frozen (冷凍的). It doesn’t matter if a person eats dinner at 4 o’clock in the afternoon or at eleven o’clock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day.
Paragraph 3
There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on the earth. The first is to find some way to feed the world’s population so that no one is hungry. The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy.
6. According to(依據)the scientists,which of the following groups of food is the healthiest for your lunch?
A. Chicken, apples, cereal and cabbages.
B. Potatoes, carrots, rice and bread.
C. Oranges, bananas, fish and tomatoes.
D. Beef, pork, fish and milk,
7. It is important for people to eat ______.
A. three times a day
B. dinner at twelve o’clock
C. cooked food all the time
D. something from each of the seven kinds of food every day
8. People in different countries and different places of the world ________.
A. have the right kinds of food to eat
B. cook their food in the same way
C. have their meals at the same time
D. eat food in different ways
9. Which of the following is not true?
A. People in some places don’t have enough to eat.
B. There are too many people in the world.
C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry.
D. The scientists are trying to make people grow to be strong and healthy.
10. If there is Paragraph (段落) 4, what do you think is going to be talked about?
A. When people eat their lunch.
B. What to do with the two problems.
C. How to cook food in different ways.
D. Why people eat different kinds of food.
(C)
People often say, “Children can’t do math problem, it’s because parents can’t do their children’s homework.” Here’s an example to show what I mean.
The other day my daughter brought home her math homework. “I have to subtract (減) 179 from 202,” she said.
“It’s quite easy,” I said. “You put the 202 over the 179.”
“But we need a 10 here. Where is the 10?”
“I don’t know where the 10 is. Let’s just subtract 179 from 202. Nine from two is three. You carry one and add it to seven. Eight from zero is two. The answer is 23.”
“We can’t do it that way. We have to use the 10.”
“Well, I’m going to call your teacher to see how she subtracts 179 from 202.”
Over the telephone, I said that I was having a bit of trouble with the homework she had given to my daughter. The teacher said, “In the right-hand column (欄) we have units of one. The two in that column counts for two ones. The zero in the center counts for zero tens. The two in the left-hand column counts for hundreds. Are you clear?” But I didn’t think I was clear.
I hung up and found my way to the medicine box. My head was now hurting. I started putting pills of medicine into my mouth. “How many did you take?” my wife asked. “I took one and then I took another…I know one and one was two, but don’t ask me what it is now.”
11. The daughter wanted ______ the other day.
A. to give her father a lesson
B. to show how difficult math was
C. her father to phone her teacher
D. her father to help her with her homework
12. Which of the following sentences is not true?
A. The father had a different way to do the math problem.
B. The father couldn’t do his daughter’s homework.
C. The daughter couldn’t understand her father’s way.
D. The daughter had some trouble doing the math problem.
13. From what the teacher said, we know that the word “units” means ______ here.
A. whole numbers less than 10 B. whole things
C. groups of lessons  D. the smallest numbers
14. What the teacher said made the father _________.
A. angry B. worried C. sad D. tired
15. Can you guess what would happen next in the story?
A. The father would go to school and begin to learn math.
B. The father would become very ill and have to take more medicine.
C. The father would never do his daughter’s math problems again.
D. The father would go to the school and fight with the teacher.
【答案及解析】
(A) 假日里,亨利喜歡到海邊去旅游。有一次,他想去西山農場享受一下田園風光,并計劃在那兒度過一個月的時間。可是令人驚奇的是,才去四天之后他就回來了。當朋友問起其中的緣由時,亨利說道:第一天,農場里死了一只羊,晚餐時美美地吃了一頓烤羊肉;第二天農場死了一頭牛,又吃了一頓燒牛肉;第三天農場死了一頭豬,結果又吃了一頓烤豬肉。可是,到了第四天,農場主死了,我不敢再留下來吃飯了。
1. A。第二段的首句“...but one year he saw an advertisement in a newspaper.”即是答案的出處。
2. D。本題考查根據語境進行分析判斷的能力。由上下文,顯然可知這是報紙上的一則廣告信息。
3. C。本題考查通過上下文對詞匯的推測能力。根據亨利的敘述可得出此答案。
4. B。這由“A different meat every day, and you are complaining!”一句可知。
5. C。本來打算要在鄉村農場過一個暑假,結果四天之后就回來了。這能不是個短暫的假期嗎?用此作標題既切合題意,又具有幽默的味道。
(B) 這篇短文分為三個落:第一段列舉了科學家研究了人們每天要吃的食物;第二段講述了不同國家的人們飲食習慣和飲食結構等各方面有很大差異。但這些對人來說都沒不是很重要的,重要的是每天吃什么。第三段闡述了兩個問題:如何解決世界人口的吃飯問題,既要吃飽,又要吃得健康。
6. A。本題屬表層理解題。由第一段科學家建議七大類食品可知答案非A莫屬。
7. D。由“The important thing is what you eat every day.”及第一段的內容可知D是正確答案。而根據第二段可知A、B、C皆為錯誤的。
8. D。第二段開頭的“People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways.”這兩句是解答本題的關鍵。
9. C。根據第三段所講的內容,C項顯然是錯誤的。
10. B。A、C和D都是在上文剛剛談論過的,又根據第三段“There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on the earth.”所提的兩個問題,可以推知下文可能要談論如何解決這兩個問題。故答案為B。
(C) 作者向我們講述了很多人都可能遇到的一個問題:父母往往回答不上來小孩子問的一些非常簡單的數學問題。文中作者的女兒向他詢問怎樣計算202減去179這道題。結果,他的女兒不但弄不懂他的解釋,而且他還無法解釋清楚女兒提出的問題。他只好向女兒的老師求助,而自己被老師的解釋搞得天昏腦脹……
11. D。細讀第二段,再聯系父女倆的談話即可得出答案。
12. B。根據“but I didn’t think I was clear.”以及“I took one and then I took another…I know one and one was two, but don’t ask me what it is now.”可知B項是錯誤的。
13. A。根據短文內容,那位老師所說的“”她的意思是說“個位上的數字是幾就表示幾個一”,當然應是小于1的數。
14. D。由“My head was now hurting.”這句話,可知“父親”聽了老師的解釋后沒有生氣、焦慮或悲傷,而是頭昏腦脹,疲憊之至。
15. C。選項A是不現實的,而選項C、D更是荒誕離奇。體會一下文末一段“父親”的舉動,就可以想起他是一種什么樣的心情。
短文改寫填空型閱讀理解實例分析

一、實例訓練
Robert is fifteen now. Two and a half years ago he came to the city and began to study in a middle school. He studies hard and gets on well with his classmates. And he often helps his friends with their lessons. But as he comes from a village, the headmaster who was born in a rich family is bad to him and does his best to make excuses to punish him. The boy knows it and takes precautions against(提防) it.
One afternoon all the students went to have lunch and he bought a piece of bread. He was reading a book under a big tree, while a dog was standing near him. At that moment the headmaster came out and saw it. He became angry and said, “Don’t you know we don’t let anybody rear (飼養) dogs in the school?”
“Yes, I do, sir. ”said the boy.
“Why have you brought your dog to school, then?”
“It isn’t my dog. ”
“Why is it following you, then?”
“You’re following me now, sir. ” said the boy, “Can you say you are mine?”
請根據以上短文在改寫后短文的空白處填入適當的詞,使其完整。
Robert is fifteen. He is in Grade _______(1) now. He studies hard and his classmates are _______(2) to him. And he often helps his friends to _______(3) their lessons. But as he was _______(4) in a farmer family, the headmaster from a _______(5) family is bad to him and does_______(6) he can to punish him.
One day in the _______(7), all the students went _______(8) lunch and he bought a piece of bread, reading a book under a tree. At the moment a dog was standing near him. _______(9) the headmaster saw this, he wanted to_______(10) him. But he failed that day again.
二、答題分析
第一步:快讀全文,掌握大意。通讀原文我們知道。文章講敘了Robert 和校長的一些情況,Robert 是一個初中學生,他出生于貧困之家,但學習努力與同學相處融洽。校長出生于富貴家庭對Robert很不友好,總是想盡辦法懲罰他, Robert時刻小心提防他。一天下午校長又想趁機懲罰他,但未能得逞。
第二步:細讀改寫,尋找異同。如原文中說Two and half years ago he came to the city and began to study in a middle school. 而改寫中卻是He is in Grade_______(1) now. 由原文中的Two and half years ago 可知第(1)空要填Three. 原文中說He studies hard and gets on well with his classmates, 而改寫中卻是He studies hard and his classmates are _______(2) to him. 由于“他與同學相處融洽”那么“他的同學一定是對他很友好了”。因此第二空填kind或friendly。第3空是一個典型的同義句改寫,即help sb. with sth. 與help sb. to do sth. 的轉換。
第三步:字斟句酌,各個擊破。比如第4, 5, 7空與原文幾乎沒多大差別可先填好(4) born, (5) rich, (7) afternoon。對于與原文有較大差異的空,則需要字斟句酌,細仔推敲了。我們要在對比改寫文中的句子與原文句子差別的前提下,推測改寫文中的句子所要表達的意思,然后根據我們所學的知識推出所要填寫的單詞。如:
原文中的and does his best to make excuses to punish him 正是改寫文中and does _______(6) he can to punish him 要表達的意思。這里does后面是一個賓語從句,而從句缺少引導詞,因此填入what正合適。這一空較難因為can后面省去了動詞原形do。這句話意為“并且做他所能做的事情來懲罰他”。
而原文中的…all the students went to have lunch 與改寫文中的all the students went _______(8) lunch. went to have lunch 與went for lunch 同義。故第8空填for。
改寫中的_______(9) the headmaster saw this, he wanted to _______(10) him. But he failed that day again. 是對原文第二段后面部分的概括,通過比較我們知道改寫中要表達的意思是“當校長看見那種情況時,他想懲罰他,但那一天他又失敗了”。因此第9空填,when第10空填punish。 
第四步:復讀改寫,糾正失誤。如:第1空應大寫首字母,很多考生可能會忽略這一點。
精選中考英語閱讀理解訓練

(A)
Now satellites are helping to forecast(預報) the weather. They are in space, and they can reach any part of the world. The satellites take pictures of the atmosphere (大氣), because this is where the weather forms (形成). They send these pictures to the weather stations. So meteorologists(氣象學家) can see the weather of any part of the world. From the pictures, the scientists can often say how the weather will change.
Today, nearly five hundred weather stations in sixty countries receive satellite pictures. When they receive new pictures, the meteorologists compare them with earlier ones. Perhaps they may find that the clouds have changed during the last few hours. This may mean that the weather on the ground may soon change, too. In their next weather forecast, the meteorologists can say this.
So the weather satellites are a great help to the meteorologists. Before satellites were invented, the scientists could forecast the weather for about 24or 48 hours. Now they can make good forecasts for three or five days. Soon, perhaps, they may be able to forecast the weather for a week or more ahead (提前).
1. Satellites travel __________.
A. in space B. above space C. above the ground D. in the atmosphere
2. Why do we use the weather satellites to take pictures of the atmosphere?Because _______.
A. clouds form there B. the weather forms there
C. the weather satellites can do it easily D. the pictures can forecast the weather
3. Meteorologists forecast the weather _______.
A. without studying satellite pictures
B. before they receive satellite pictures
C. when they have received satellite pictures
D. after they have compared the new satellite pictures with the earlier ones
4. Maybe we’ll soon be able to forecast the weather for _________.
A. one day B. two days
C. five days D. seven days or even longer
5. The main idea of this passage is that satellites are now used in __________.
A. taking pictures of the earth B. receiving pictures of the atmosphere
C. weather forecasting D. doing other work in many ways
(B)
There was once a man called Mr. Flowers, and flowers were his only joy in life. He spent all his free time in one of his four glass-houses and grew flowers of every color, with long and difficult names, for competitions (比賽). He tried to grow a rose of a new color to win the silver cup (銀杯) for the Rose of the Year.
Mr. Flowers’ glass-houses were very near to a middle school. Boys of around thirteen of age were often tempted (引誘) to throw a stone or two at one of Mr. Flowers’ glass-houses. So Mr. Flowers did his best to be in or near his glass-houses at the beginning and end of the school day.
But it was not always possible to be on watch at those times. Mr. Flowers had tried in many ways to protect his glass, but nothing that he had done had been useful. He had been to school to report to the headmaster; but this had not done any good. He had tried to drive away the boys that threw stones into his garden; but the boys could run faster than he could, and they laughed at him from far away. He had even picked up all the stones that he could find around his garden, so that the boys would have nothing to throw; but they soon found others.
At last Mr. Flowers had a good idea. He put up a large notice (布告) made of good, strong wood, some meters away from the glass-houses. On it he had written the words: DO NOT THROW STONES AT THIS NOTICE. After this, Mr. Flowers had no further trouble; the boys were much more tempted to throw stones at the notice than at the glass-houses.
6. It was Mr. Flowers’ hope to ________.
A. build glass-houses in his free time
B. grow the Rose of the Year in a silver cup
C. win a silver cup for growing a rose of a new color
D. grow a rose with the longest name
7. Boys were often tempted to ________.
A. throw stones at Mr. Flowers’ glass-house
B. throw stones at Mr. Flowers from their school
C. be in or near by Mr. Flowers’ glass-houses
D. play with Mr. Flowers near his glass-houses
8. Mr. Flowers stayed in or near by his glass-houses _______.
A. at times when school-boys were walking near them
B. all the school day when there were no boys about
C. where he could not be seen by the boys passing
D. in his free time at the beginning and end of the school day
9. Mr. Flowers had tried to ______ to protect his glass.
A. be on watch in his free time B. ask the headmaster for help
C. pick up all the stones around his garden D. do all the above
10. Mr. Flowers’ good idea was to ______.
A. write some words on the glass
B. put up a large notice to cover his glass-houses
C. give the boys something else to throw stones at
D. send for policemen
(C)
Come to Austria!
Soll is a village in the mountains in western Austria, and the Hotel Post, opened by a local (當地的) family, is clean and not expensive. From the hotel you can see the whole village, the forest and the mountains. Temperatures in summer are usually 20℃ to 25℃ in the daytime, but much cooler by evening.
Enjoy Thailand!
When you visit Bangkok in Thailand, don’t miss the early morning river boat trip to the Floating (漂浮的) Market just outside the city. There you will find many kinds of fruits and vegetables. There you can pay for them when you sit in your boat. Don’t forget your hat: the sun can be strong and it may be as hot as 40℃ about midday!
Visit Hawaii!
Maybe the most beautiful place in Hawaii is Kauai. You can visit its long, sandy beaches in the south and west of the island, and mountains and forests in the north, but be careful: there are many mosquitoes (蚊子), and don’t be surprised if it rains in the center of the island. Daytime temperatures there are usually around 24℃ to 26℃ by the sea, and only a little cooler by late evening.
根據上面的三則廣告,在下面句子的空白處填入適當的詞。
11. If you stay at the Hotel Post, you have a view (風景) of______.
12. At the Floating Market you can buy things in ______.
13. Because the sun is strong in Bangkok, you should bring______.
14. In the north of Kauai Island there are______.
15. The warmest place of the three is______.
【答案及解析】
(A) 這篇閱讀材料向我們介紹了氣象衛星在預報天氣中所發揮的重要作用。如今,許多國家的氣象站都是在接收到衛星云圖后,由氣象學家進行研究分析,然后預報天氣的。在衛星的幫助下,人們可以預測未來三五天或更長時間內的天氣狀況。
1. A。本題屬表層理解題。短文首句即是答案之所在。
2. D。From the pictures,the scientists can often say how the weather will change 是該小題答案的出處。
3. D。答案就在 the meteorologists compare them with earlier ones. Perhaps they may find that the clouds have changed during the last few hours. This may mean that the weather on the ground may soon change, too 中。
4. D。文章結尾的 Soon, perhaps, they may be able to forecast the weather for a week or more ahead 這句即是答案之所在。
5. C。短文首句即點明了主旨。
(B) Mr. Flowers嗜花如命,他種花的暖房位于一所學校附近。一些男孩子經常朝他種花的暖房上扔石塊。盡管他絞盡腦汁,想盡了一切辦法,都無濟于事。最后Mr. Flowers想出了一個高招。他掛起了一塊結實的布告牌,上面寫著“請不要朝布告牌扔石塊”。孩子們的興趣于是轉向了這塊木牌,Mr. Flowers自此高枕無憂了。
6. C。“…to win the silver cup for the Rose of the Year.”一句中,不定式在句中作目的狀語,也是Mr. Flowers的愿望之所在。
7. A。第二段前兩句有明確的說明。
8. D。“So Mr. Flowers did his best to be in or near his glass-houses at the beginning and end of the school day.”是該題的出處。(from www.zkenglish.com)
9. D。為了保護自己的玻璃房子不受損壞,想盡了各種方法。選項A、B、C所述內容均在文中有明確的闡述。
10. C。由最后一段,特別是其中的關鍵詞large, good, strong以及布告上的DO NOT THROW STONES AT THIS NOTICE, 可知他制作布告牌的真正目的不是要它對孩子們起警示作用,而是利用孩子們的心理讓其當作他們投擲的靶子。
(C) 這是三則介紹旅游風景區景點的廣告。
11. the whole village, the forest and the mountains。 答案即在“From the hotel you can see the whole village, the forest and the mountains.”這句話中。
12. in your boat。根據“There you can pay for them when you sit in your boat.”一句,可知答案。
13. your hat。“Don’t forget your hat: the sun can be strong and it may be as hot as 40℃ about midday!”一句是答案的出處。
14. mountains, forests and many mosquitoes。本題屬表層信息理解題。答案源自“…and mountains and forests in the north, but be careful: there are many mosquitoes…”一句中。
15. Bangkok in Thailand 。 這三則廣告中所出現的氣溫方面的信息分別是:①Temperatures in summer are usually 20℃ to 25℃ in the daytime, but much cooler by evening. ② the sun can be strong and it may be as hot as 40℃ about midday! ③ Daytime temperatures there are usually around 24℃ to 26℃ by the sea, and only a little cooler by late evening. 不難看出正確答案。
中考英語閱讀理解•節約用水

Napoga is a 12-year-old girl in Ghana(加納), Africa. It is hard for her family to get clean water. Every morning, she leaves home at half past five to get clean water for her family in a village far away. It takes her six hours to get enough clean water for daily(日常) cooking and drinking. She has no time to go to school or to play with her friends. Millions of people in the world are like Napoga. They can’t get enough clean water to keep healthy.
Earth Day is April 22. But on all other days, we must also remember it. The water we use is the most important natural resource(自然資源) on the earth.
Water covers 70% of the earth’s surface(表面). But most of that is sea water. We can’t use it for very many things. Fresh water covers only 1% of the earth’s surface.
You probably feel lucky that your life isn’t as hard as Napoga’s. But that doesn’t mean you don’t have to worry about water. We all face serious water problems. One of them is water pollution. All kinds of things from cars, factories, farms and homes make our rivers, lakes, and oceans dirty. Polluted water is very bad for people to drink. And dirty water is bad for fish, too. Now, 34% of all kinds of fish are dying out.
How do cars and factories make our water dirty? First, they pollute the air. Then, when it rains, the rain water comes down and makes our drinking water dirty. Dirty rain, called acid rain(酸雨), is also bad for plants, animals and buildings.
Scientists say that in 30 years, more than half of the people in the world won’t have enough clean water. We have to learn how to save more water for ourselves and our children. Here is some advice for saving water:
●Turn off the water while you brush your teeth. You can save as much as 450 liters(升) each month.
●Leaky taps(漏水的龍頭) waste a lot of water. Fix them right away!
●You can easily cut your 10-minute showers(沐浴) in half—and you’ll be just as clean.
●When you wash dishes, don’t let the water run.
●Only wash clothes when you have a lot to wash. If your washing machine isn’t full, you’re wasting water!
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Every morning Napoga went to get clean water _______.
A. before she went to school   B. after she finished school
C without going to school  D. after she played with her friends 
2. On the earth, _______.
A. sea water is widely used than fresh water  B. there is very little water for our living
C. there is 71% of fresh water D. we don’t need to worry about water
3. Acid rain _______.
A. is only bad for living things
B. can be produced in factories
C. doesn’t do harm to people, but it’s bad for plants, animals and buildings
D. doesn’t just do harm to human beings but to ani¬mals, plants and buildings
4. Which of the following wastes water?
A. We need ten minutes if we want a clean shower.
B. We should put in enough clothes when we wash them in washing machines.
C. You can keep yourself clean by having a shower for five minutes.
D. Don’t let the water run when we brush our teeth and wash dishes.
5. What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. Something must be done to prevent water form be¬ing polluted.
B. Clean water means much to human beings and living things around us.
C. It’s time to take care of the water we use.
D. Water is the most important natural resource on the earth.
【答案及解析】
1. 選C。從第1段中的句子She has no time to go to school可知,她根本沒有去上學。故選C。
2. 選B。短文第3段中介紹了全球70%被水覆蓋,但只有1%才是飲用淡水。而世界上的很多國家和地區都缺水。所以選B項,即我們的生活用水很少。
3. 選D。由第5段中的句子Dirty rain, called acid rain, is also bad for plants animals and buildings.可知,acid rain(酸雨)的危害很大。 故答案選D。
4. 選A。A選項與C選項相互矛盾,則必有一個為正確選項。而從第3點建議(advice)可知,你可以沐浴只須五分鐘來節約用水,若用10分鐘則是浪費水。故選A。
5. 選C。讀完全文我們知道地球上的水資源有限,所以大家都要節約用水。故選C。
中考英語閱讀理解•浪費可恥

Waste can be seen everywhere in the school. Some students ask for more food than they can eat and others often forget to turn off the lights when they leave the classroom. They say they can afford these things. But I don’t agree with them.
Waste can bring a lot of problems. Although China is rich in some resources(資源), we are short of(缺乏) others, for example, fresh water(淡水). It is reported that we will have no coal(煤) or oil to use in 100 years. So if we go on wasting our resources, what can we use in the future and where can we move? Think about it. I think we should say no to the students who waste things every day. Everybody should stop wasting as soon as possible.
In our everyday life, we can do many things to prevent waste from happening, for example, turn off the water taps(水龍頭) when we finish washing, turn off the lights when we leave the classroom, try not to order more food than we need, and so on. Little by little, everything will be changed. Waste can be stopped one day, if we do our best.

◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. From the passage we know that some students often _______ in the school.
A. eat too much  B. don’t work hard  C. waste things   D. throw rubbish everywhere
2. Which is not mentioned in this passage?
A. Fresh water.   B. Forest.              C. Oil.                 D. Coal.
3. What may happen in 100 years?
A. We may still have enough oil.  B. We may still have enough coal.
C. We may have a little oil.  D. We may have no coal or oil to use.
4. Which of the following is right?
A. Waste brings problems.  B. Waste can bring no problem.
C. China is rich in fresh water.  D. Students never waste things.
5. Which is the best title of this passage?
A. Stop Wasting      B. School life
C. Waste in the School    D. Rich Resources in China

【答案及解析】
1. 選C。從文章的第1句Waste can be seen everywhere in the school.就說明了在學校浪費現象隨處可見,故選C。
2. 選B。在第2段中,Fresh water, oil, coal均有提及,但Forest沒有提到。故選B。
3. 選D。由第2段的句子It is reported that we will have no coal or oil to use in 100 years.可知,在100年后,我們可能沒有coal or oil to use。故答案選D。
4. 選A。短文的第2段第1句Waste can bring a lot of problems就告訴了我們答案,故選A。
5. 選A。在短文的第1段例舉一些浪費現象,引出第2段Everybody should stop wasting as soon as possible. 所以Stop Wasting 為短文的最佳標題。
中考英語閱讀理解•不一樣的平安夜

Christmas Eve means a warm get-together with friends, a candlelight dinner, or perhaps a celebration at a pub(酒館) for students. But, for Cai Yingjie, the night has a different meaning: helping beggars(乞丐) and the homeless(people without homes).
Cai, who is a student in journalism at Tsinghua, could be found at Beijing’s Wudaokou Light Railway Station that special evening. When she saw an old beggar, she took the cold, rough hands of the woman with her warm, clean hands, and gave the woman some warm bread and helped her put on a pair of new gloves(手套).
The woman was surprised for a few seconds, then burst into tears, saying “for the first time I feel respected(尊重)”.
Cai said, “A beggar’s life is very hard. That’s why I want to help them.”
Cai was one of 14 Tsinghua students spending Christmas Eve among the poor. They walked in the cold wind along the streets from 4 to 7 pm on Friday, visiting 15 beggars in Beijing’s Haidian District.
They brought bread and gloves with them, and stopped to greet beggars and offer them some of the warm food. Each beggar greeted them with a look of surprise.
“I know the activity can’t help much, but it’s meant to show our respect and care for beggars and the homeless who have been neglected for so long,” said Sun, head of the group. “And Christmas is a good time for that.”
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. What does Christmas Eve mean to the 14 Tsinghua students?
A. Taking 15 beggars to Tsinghua.
B. Getting together with friends.
C. Showing care to the beggars and the homeless. 
D. Selling bread and gloves to the beggars.
2. What does the beggar mean by saying “for the first time I feel respected”?
A. The beggar has been waiting for Cai for long.
B. The beggar hasn’t been shown care for so long.
C. The beggar has been respecting Cai for a long time.
D. This is the first time the beggar has seen Tsinghua students.
3. What did each beggar feel when they received greetings?
A. Sad.      B. Amazed.
C. Frightened.       D. Proud.
4. The word “neglected” in the last passage means _______.
A. protected      B. found
C. taken care of                  D. given no enough care
【答案及解析】
1. 選C。第1段的最后一句…helping beggars(乞丐) and the homeless(people without homes). 就是他們的決定,即去幫助那些乞丐和無家可歸的人,給他們以關愛。答案選C。
2. 選B。根據第3段中的 woman所說的話:…for the first time I feel respected(尊重). 我們可以推斷出:乞丐們有太長的時間沒人關心了。故答案為B。
3. 選B。 在第6段中有這樣一句Each beggar greeted them with a look of surprise. 而B選項中Amazed 的同義表達就是surprised,所以答案為B。
4. 選D。本文講述了14個清華學子在平安夜幫助流浪漢和乞丐們的故事。這些流浪漢和乞丐們都感到十分的意外和溫暖,我們由此可推斷他們應該是長期given no enough care(被忽視的)原因。這樣我們就可以排除A、B、C三項,最后正確答案為D。
中考英語閱讀理解•嚇人的懲罰

Little Tommy was doing very badly in math. His parents had tried everything—tutors (家庭教師), cards, special learning centers—in short, everything they could think of. Finally they took Tommy to a catholic (天主教的) school.
After the first day, little Tommy came home with a very serious look on his face. He didn’t kiss his mother hello. Instead, he went straight to his room and started studying. Books and papers were spread (鋪開) out all over the room and little Tommy was hard at work. His mother was surprised. She called him down to dinner and as soon as he finished eating, he went back to his room, without a word. In no time he was back hitting the books as hard as before. This went on for some time, day after day while the mother tried to understand what was happening.
Finally, little Tommy brought home his report card. He quietly put it on the table and went up to his room and hit the books. His mom looked at it and to her surprise, little Tommy got an A in math. She could no longer hold her curiosity (好奇心). She went to his room and asked, “Son, what was it? Was it the nuns (修女)?”
Little Tommy looked at her and shook his head, “No.”
“Well then,” she asked again. “WHAT was it?”
Little Tommy looked at her and said, “Well, on the first day of school, when I saw that man nailed (釘) to the plus sign (加號), I knew they weren’t joking.”
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Why did Tommy’s parents send him to a catholic school?
A. Because he could eat well there.
B. Because he could earn more about nuns.
C. Because his parents wanted him to do better in his math.
D. Because his parents didn’t want him to learn math any more.
2. Tommy’s mother felt surprised that his son _______.
A. was still the same as usual  B. ate so much at dinner
C. kissed her hello after school  D. worked hard but said little
3. “Hitting the books” means “_______” in Chinese.
A. 用功  B. 捶書
C. 發泄  D. 振作
4. The last sentence in the passage shows that _______.
A. Tommy felt sorry for the mail  B. Tommy was afraid of being nailed
C. Tommy didn’t like the plus sign  D. Tommy liked playing jokes on others
5. From the passage, we can infer (推斷) that _______.
A. teachers should be strict with their students
B. mistaking (誤解) might do good sometimes
C. a catholic school is much better than other ones
D. nuns are good at helping children with their math

【答案及解析】
1. 選C。文章第1段說Tommy數學學不好,其父母想盡了一切辦法都不奏效,最后將他送進了一所天主教的教會學校。
2. 選D。認真閱讀第2段前面幾句話,并注意以下信息:After the first day, little Tommy came home…didn’t kiss his mother hello…was hard at work…without a word. 可知答案應選D。
3. 選A。根據文章大意和Finally, little Tommy brought home his report card. He quietly put it on the table and went up to his room and hit the books這個句子的語境,可知hit the books的意思是“用功”。
4. 選B。Tommy學習一直不用功,但自從進了這所catholic school之后,情況就不一樣了——整天都發狠讀書,結果數學考試也得了A。這是為什么呢?文章在最后道出了其原因:Well, on the first day of school, when I saw that man nailed (釘) to the plus sign (加號), I knew they weren’t joking. 由此可知,Tommy是擔心學習不用功會被釘在十字架上。
5. 選B。Tommy把the man nailed to the plus sign誤解為“學習不用功的結果”,從而一改自己原來不好學的不良習慣,很快就把數學成績趕了上去。可見,誤解有時也可以起到好的效果。
中考英語閱讀理解•火中自救小知識

What are you going to do if you are in a burning house? How will you escape? Do you know how to save yourself? Please read the following passage.
Escaping a fire is a serious matter. Knowing what to do during a fire can save you life. It is important to know the ways you can use and show them to everyone in the family, such as stairways and fire escapes, but not lifts.
From the lower floors of the buildings, escaping through windows is possible, learn the best way of leaving by windows with the least chance of serious injury.
The second floor window is usually not very high from the ground. An average(平均高度的) person, hanging by the finger-tips will have a drop of about six feet to the ground. It is about the height of an average man. Of course, it is safer to jump a short way than to stay in a burning building.
Windows are also useful when you are waiting for help. Be sure to keep the door closed. Or smoke and fire may be drawn into the room. Keep your head low at the window to be sure you get fresh air rather than smoke that may leaked(滲) into the room.
On a second or third floor, the best windows for escape are those that open onto a roof. From the roof a person can drop to the ground more safely. Dropping onto cement(水泥) might end in injury. Bushes(灌木叢) and grass can help to break a fall.
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. It is important to _______.
A. put out the fire in the burning house B. know the ways to escape the fire
C. jump off a burning house  D. keep the door closed
2. It is possible to escape through the windows _______.
A. if there are some bushes on the ground  B. if you are strong enough
C. if you live on a lower floor D. If you have a long rope
3. Which of the following escaping way is NOT right? _______.
A. You can escape though stairways.             B. You can choose fire escapes.
C. Escape from the windows that open onto a roof.  D. Use a lift to come down at once.
4. Open the window so that _______ if the building is on fire.
A. you can get fresh air   B. you can call for help
C. you can easily jump off   D. you can be seen first
5. The best title of the passage is _______.
A. Escaping from the Windows B. Save Yourself in the Burning House
C. Knowledge on Fire  D. Waiting for Help
【答案及解析】
1. 選B。從句子It is important to know the ways you can use and show them to everyone in the family,…可知,當房子著火后,最重要的是你要知道the ways to escape the fire(逃生方式),故答案選B。
2. 選C。在短文的第2段說到…from the lower floors of building escaping through windows is possible。故選C。
3. 選D。在短文中特別強調在大火發生時,人們可以從 stairways 和 fire escapes逃生, but not lifts(但不能從電梯),因為那是相當危險的。
4. 選A。在短文的第5段提到了可…keep your head low at the window to be sure you get fresh air…可知。
5. 選B。通讀全文后,短文的大意很明顯,在著火的大樓中自救的方法應是短文的主題,故選B。
中考英語閱讀理解•流行小天王

He is quiet and shy. He likes to hide his eyes behind his hair. He doesn’t smile very often. However, if you talk to him about music, he’ll have a lot to say.
This is Jay Chou, the 24-year-old Taiwanese pop king(天王). His fans are so excited because he will sing songs in Beijing on September 12. Those songs are from his new album (唱片), “Ye Huimei”, and the album was released (發行) in July and was named after his mother.
Chou grew up just with his mother. He did not talk much and did badly in many school subjects.
His mother noticed the boy’s special interest in music and sent him to learn piano when he was only three years old. He loved it and kept on practicing.
Chou is not very handsome. He does not speak clearly when he sings or talks. But the singer has huge crowds of fans. “He is really good at music. It makes him attractive(有魅力的) to me,” said Liu Jiajun, a Junior 2 student in No.101 Middle School in Beijing.
“He is true to himself. He never follows others,” said Zhang Yujie, a Junior 1 girl at Huaibei Middle School in Sihong, Jiangsu Province.
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. From this passage, we know that Jay Chou _______.
A. is very handsome   B. has a bright smile
C. often makes too much noise      D.. is a pop music star
2. His fans are so excited because _______.
A. he released a new album in July         B. he will sing new songs in Beijing
C. he can play the piano very well D. his new album was named after his mother
3. When he was a little child, he _______.
A. talked a lot every day                     B. did well in his study at school
C. started to like music                     D. had huge crowds of fans
4. According to one of his fans, Jay _______.
A. is a good student B. has long and beautiful hair
C. is a well-known pianist D. is very attractive to them
5. The sentence “He never follows others” in the last paragraph means _______.
A. he always has his own style(風格) B. he likes to walk alone
C. he doesn’t like other people’s songs at all  D. no one can catch up with him

【答案及解析】
1. 選D。根據第5段中的Chou is not very handsome. 可知A不對;根據第1段中的He doesn’t smile very often可知B不對;根據第1段中的He is quiet and shy可知C也不對。故答案選D。
2. 選B。根據第2段中的His fans are so excited because he will sing songs in Beijing on September 12可知答案。
3. 選C。根據第4段的His mother noticed the boy’s special interest in music 可知Chou小的時候就對音樂很感興趣,也就是或那時就開始喜歡音樂了。
4. 選D。根據第5段中It makes him attractive to me可知答案。
5. 選A。這句話本意是說他不會跟隨其他人,但跟文章主題音樂聯系起來,以及根據前面一句話He is true to himself可知隱含意義為他有自己的音樂風格。
中考英語閱讀理解•音樂與椅子

Do you know how to play a game called “Musical Chairs”? It is easy to play and most people enjoy it. All you need are some chairs, some people and some way of making music. You may use a piano or any other musical instrument, if someone can play it. You may use a tape recorder. You can even use a radio.
Put the chairs in a row. The chairs may be put in twos, back to back. A better way is to have the chairs in one row with each chair facing in the opposite direction to the chair next to it.
The game is easy. When the music starts, the players walk round the chairs. Everyone goes in the same direction, of course, they should walk in time to the music. If the music is fast they should walk quickly. If the music is slow, they should walk slowly.
The person playing music cannot see the people in the game. When the music stops, the players try to sit on the chairs. If a person cannot find a chair to sit on, he drops out. Then, before the music starts again, one chair must be taken away. When the music stops again, one more player will be out.
At last, there will be two players and one chair. The one who sits on the chair when the music stops is the winner.
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. If ten people are playing musical chairs, you must begin with _______.
A. nine chairs    B. ten chairs    C. eleven chairs     D. one chair
2. Which of the following is not suitable for playing musical chairs? _______.
A. A piano      B. A radio              C. A tape recorder  D. A telephone
3. The chairs should be put _______.
A. with the desks   B. before the winner      C. all over the room D. in a line
4. When the music starts, the players must _______.
A. run about the room  B. get down    C. walk around the chairs  D. sit on the chairs
5. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. The game “Musical Chairs” is not difficult to learn.
B. The last one can sit on the last chair.
C. The winner can sit on the chair.
D. If the person plays music, he cannot be the winner.

【答案及解析】
1. 選A。因為在第4段有這樣一句If a person cannot find a chair to sit on, he drops out.那么肯定是椅子比人數少1,這樣才會有人沒得坐,故選A。
2. 選D。在第1段中提到了A、B、C三種可以播放音樂的器具,而D項沒有,因為一般來說電話是不能播放音樂的,所以選D。
3. 選D。第2段的Put the chairs in a row就是“把椅子排成一排”這意。選D。
4. 選C。由第3段中的句子When the music starts, the players walk round the chairs.可知答案為C。
5. 選B。本題可用排除法,由第1段第2句It is easy to play 可知道A項正確;由最后一句The one who sits on the chair when the music stops is the winner.可知C項是正確的;由第4段的句子The person playing music cannot see the people in the game可知D項也是正確的。故答案選B
中考英語閱讀理解•領養寵物

“Well, we’re in our new house. Let’s get a new pet to get along with it,” Mrs Brown said to her husband.
“That sounds like a pretty good idea,” he answered. “Do you want to see the ads in the newspaper?”
“Let’s go to the animal shelter. Many pets there need homes. Since tomorrow is Saturday, we can both go,” she said.
Next morning the Browns met Mr Snow at the animal shelter. “We want to be sure that the pets here go to good homes,” Mr Snow said, “So I need to ask you some questions.”
After they talked for a while, the Browns decided to get a small dog. It wouldn’t need a big house or a big yard. A small dog would bark(吠) and warm them if someone tried to break into their house. After Mr Snow gave the Browns a book on pet care, they chose one and wanted to take her home right away. But the animal doctor hadn’t checked her yet. So Mr Snow told them to return on Sunday.
On Sunday afternoon the Browns went to the animal shelter. The animal doctor said, “Shadow has had all of her shots(預防針). She will be healthy.” The browns thanked the doctor and took Shadow home.
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. From the reading we learn that _______.
A. the Browns have never had a pet before.
B. the Browns knew about Shadow from the newspaper.
C. Shadow is a small and healthy dog.
D. Mr Brown didn’t quite agree with his wife.
2. The word shelter in the reading means _______.
A. a place to sell small dogs
B. a place to keep homeless animals
C. a place to study animals
       D. a place to sell books on pet care
3. Mr Snow asked the Browns some questions to _______.
A. see if they had moved to a new house 
B. find out how rich the Browns were
C. know where they’d keep their new pet
D. make sure they’d take care of pets
4. The Browns thinks that a small dog _______.
A. doesn’t need any room to keep
B. can help them watch their house
C. eats less food than a bigger one  
D. usually has a beautiful name
5. It’s clear that _______.
A. Shadow will not be easy to get ill 
B. the Browns were not satisfied with Shadow
C. Mr Snow didn’t check Shadow at all 
D. Shadow likes barking a lot
【答案及解析】
1. 選C。文章第5段提到…the Browns decided to get a small dog 以及最后一段動物醫生說:Shadow has had all of her shots(預防針). She will be healthy.我們可以知道Shadow是一只健康的小狗。答案選C。
2. 選B。由第3段句子Let’s go to the animal shelter. Many pets there need homes.可知,shelter是a place to keep homeless animals(無家可歸的動物們的避難所)。
3. 選D。第4段內容告訴我們:醫生想為寵物們找個好家,他想知道Brown夫婦是否能照顧好寵物,否則醫生也不放心把寵物交給他們的。
4. 選B。由第5段的句子A small dog would bark(吠) and warm them if someone tried to break into their house. 我們可知,一只小狗就可以幫他們看家了。故答案選B。
5. 選A。因為Shadow has had all of her shots,它已經打過所有的預防針了,所以Shadow是不會容易得病的。
中考英語閱讀理解•一百元的價值

A famous teacher was speaking to the students at our school. He began his lesson by holding up a ¥100 bill. Then he said to the three hundred students, “Who would like this ¥100 bill?” The students began to put up their hands at once.
Then he said, “I am going to give this ¥100 to one of you, but first, let me do this.” He then made the bill into a ball. Then he said, “Who wants it now?” The hands went back into the air.
“Well,” he said, “What if I do this?” and he dropped it on the floor and stepped on it. He picked up the dirty, crumpled bill and said, “Who still wants it?” Hands went back into the air.
“My friends,” he said, “you have learned a valua¬ble lesson today. No matter (無論) what I did to the money, you still wanted it because it did not go down in value (價值). It was still worth ¥ l00!”
Many times in our lives, we are dropped, crum¬pled, and stepped on by the chances we take and the things that happen to us. We feel as if we are worth nothing. But remember, no matter what has happened to you, you will never lose your value: you are always valuable to those people who love you. Your value doesn’t come from what you do or whom you know, but WHO YOU ARE.
You are special and valuable. Don’t ever forget it!
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. Even though it was dirty, the money _______.
A. still went up in value B. was worth nothing
C. didn’t go down in value D. was still ours
2. We are always valuable to the people _______.
A. who pay us B. who call us C. who hate us D. who love us
3. Your value doesn’t come from what you do but _______.
A. who you know B. who made you C. who you remember D. who you are
4. The sentence “Hands went back into the air” means “_______”.
A. the students put up their hands again
B. the students put down their hands
C. the students put their hands behind their backs again
D. the students put their hands in front of them
5. Why did the famous teacher use a ¥100 bill at his lesson?
A. Because he wanted to make the bill into a ball.
B. Because he used to drop a bill on the floor and stepped on it.
C. Because he was going to give the bill to one of his students.
D. Because he wanted to make the students know what value was.
【答案及解析】
1. 選C。根據第4段中的No matter what I did to the money, you still wanted it because it did not go down in value可知答案。
2. 選D。根據第5段中的you are always valuable to those people who love you可知答案。
3. 選D。根據第5段中的Your value doesn’t come from what you do or whom you know, but WHO YOU ARE可知答案。
4. 選A。老師第一次問Who would like this ¥100 bill? 時,同學們的反應是:The students began to put up their hands at once. 老師第二次問Who wants it now? 時, 同學們的反應是:The hands went back into the air. 老師第三次問:Who still wants it? 時,同學們的反應是:Hands went back into the air. 很顯然,Hands went back into the air 中的back有類似again的含義,故選A。
5. 選D。通讀全文可以看出,老師利用這張百元大鈔作“教具”,其目的是想告訴同學們,無論你怎樣折騰這張百元大鈔,它的價值都不會因此而減少。所以答案選D最佳。
中考英語閱讀理解•網絡癮君子

“I sometimes get up at three or four in the morning and I surf the net.”
“I often check my e-mail forty times a day.”
“I often spend more than three hours during one time on the net.”
“I spend more time in chat rooms(聊天室) than with my ‘real-1ife’ friends.”
Do you know any people like these? They are part of a new addiction(癮) called Internet addiction. Internet addicts spend at least thirty to forty hours online every week. The use of the Internet can be an addiction like drug(毒品) use. People lose control(控制) of the time they spend on the Internet
For example, one college student was missing for several days. His friends were worried, and they called the police. The police found the student in the computer lab: he was surfing the net for several days straight.
Studies show that about 6 to 10% of Internet users become addicted. And people worry about the teens because the Internet is changing the playing field for some of them. They spend more time in cyberspace than in the real world of friends and family.
Is “surfing the net” a hobby or an addiction for you? You may have a problem if you have these symptoms(癥狀):
●You do not go to important family activities or you do not do school work because you like to spend hours on the Internet.
●You can’t wait for your next online time.
●You plan to spend a short time online, but then you spend several hours.
●You go out with your friends less and less.
◆根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇最佳選項。
1. What does the beginning of the passage tell us?
A. How to become an Internet addict.  B. What an Internet addict usually does.
C. Where to find an Internet addict.  D. Why to write this passage.
2 How does the writer describe the addicts’ use of Internet?
A. It is something like keeping drugs.  B. It is a way of producing drugs.
C. It is like taking drugs.   D. It is terrible to imagine.
3. Why do people worry about the teens?
A. The teens are wasting too much money.
B. They used to work on the Internet.
C. The playing field of the teens will disappear.
D. More and more of the teens wil1 become addicted to the Internet.
4. The example in the passage shows that _______.
A. Internet problems are more serious among college students
B. Internet addicts usually stay in the computer lab without sleep
C. Some of the Internet users have already been seriously addicted
D. The police often help to find those Internet addicts.
5. What is the writer trying to tell us at the end of the passage?
A. Don’t be addicted to the Internet.
B. Go to family activities more often.
C. Do things as you have planned
D. Stay with your parents as often as possible.
【答案及解析】
1. 選B。在短文的開頭就述說了這些上網成癮的人早上3、4點鐘起床去上網;每天四次看E-mail;每次上網時間不少于3小時;甚至在網上聊天的時間比跟自己朋友在一起的時間還多。這些都是他們經常做的事情。故選B。
2. 選C。由句子The use of the Internet can be an addiction like during use.可知,人們上網成癮就跟take drug(吸毒)成癮一樣。
3. 選D。由第3段中的句子…people worry about the teens.及They spend more time in cyberspace than in the real world of friends and family.可知,這是成癮的癥狀。故選D。
4. 選C。短文中講述了一個大學生失蹤了好幾天,他的朋友非常擔心,而且還動用了警察去找他,結果卻發現他一直在上網。這說明一些上網的人已經有很大的網癮了。故選C。
5. 選A。文章例舉了上網成癮的壞處,并在結尾處例舉了上網成癮的癥狀,這就是要提醒我們不要變成“網絡癮君子”。答案選A。
閱讀簡答專項訓練

A
Nearly all American students in colleges and universities pay for their education. There are many expenses. First of all, there is tuition (學費). At some schools, the tuition is very high, ten thousand dollars a year or more. At other schools, it may only be a few hundred dollars a year. At some community (社區) colleges, tuition is free. There are other expenses as well. Many students leave their homes to go to schools in other cities. They may live in dormitories or apartments ( flats), and they must pay for it. Finally, students must buy textbooks for their courses. Some families start saving money for their children’s education when the children are small. Many students work to save money for tuition. They can also get loans (貸款) from the government. They pay the money back to the government when they finish their education.
閱讀短文,回答問題或完成答句,每題詞數不超過5個
1. Which students pay for their education?
_______________ in colleges and universities pay for their education.
2. How much is the higher tuition?
It is _______________ or more.
3. Are there any free tuition colleges?
___________________________.
4.Why do many students live in dormitories or apartments?
Because they_______________.
5. What must students buy finally?
They must _______________.
6. When do many students pay back their loans from the government?
They pay them back_______________.

B
Some people want to be shot into space after their death, others want to lie deep under the sea. But most people want to go into the freezer(冷藏庫).These are believers in cryogenics(低溫冷凍學).
Now some diseases can’t be cured, but they may be cured sometime in the future. So some people hope that their bodies can be frozen after they die. When a cure is found, warm up his or her body, bring it back to life and take the cure. Once the body is frozen, it is kept in liquid nitrogen(液態氮) at a temperature of 328 degrees below zero.
Now around a thousand people are going to take cryogenic treatment(處理), though most scientists say it won’t work. If we freeze huge creatures(生物) like humans, every one of their cells(細胞) will be broken. Can they be brought back to life in the future?
根據短文內容回答下列各問題。
7. Where do most people hope that their bodies are kept after their death?
_________________________________________
8. Why do they want the world to keep their bodies well?
_________________________________________
9. How do scientists usually keep a dead man’s body?
_________________________________________
10. How many people are going to take cryogenic treatment after they die?
___________________________________________
C
A rich man was once riding along the road and saw an old man digging in his garden. On the ground lay a young tree, ready to be planted. The rich man called out to the old man, “What kind of tree are you planting there, my good man?”
“This is a fig(無花果) tree, sir. ” He said.
“A fig tree?” the rich man was very surprised, “Why, how old are you, may I ask?”
“I am ninety years old.”
“What!” cried the rich man, “You’re ninety years old. You are planting a very young tree now and it’ll take years to give fruit. You certainly don’t hope to live long enough to get any fruit from this tree. ” The old man looked around the garden. Then he said with a smile, “Tell me, sir. Did you eat figs when you were a boy? ”“Sure,” the man did not know why he asked this question. “Then tell me this,” he said, “Who planted the fig trees?” “Why-why? I don’t know.” “You see, sir.” went on the old man,“Our forefathers(祖先) planted trees for us to enjoy and I am doing the same for the people after me.”
The rich man was quiet and said, “You are right,my good man. We should do some things for the people after us. Thank you very much.”  Then he rode away.
根據短文內容回答下列各問題。
11.What tree was the old man planting when the rich man saw him?
________________________________________
12. How old was the old man?
_________________________________________
13. The old man was planting the tree to get himself some fruit to eat,wasn’t he? Who was he planting the tree for?
____________________________________________
14. Did the rich man eat figs when he was a boy?
____________________________________________
15. What should we do for the people after us? 
_____________________________________________

D
In general,laws for children are a good thing.
One hundred years ago in industrial countries, children worked 18 hours a day in a factory at age seven. The factory owner could beat a child who fell asleep or was not fast enough. Both parents and teachers could do the same.
Today, there are many laws about children all over the world. Some people think children must obey rules or they should be punished,others do not agree. The Inuits or Eskimos in Alaska almost never punish their children. The parents don’t hit them. If the children go too far,the parents punish them by making fun of them.
Children in other parts of the world are not as lucky as Eskimo children. American parents can spank(打……臀部) their children at home,but a teacher cannot hit a child in a public school. This is also true in Germany. In contrast(對比), it is against the law for anyone to hit a child in Sweden. Swedish parents cannot spank their children. The children also have a special government official who works for their rights. There is even a plan for children to divorce from their parents though this is not a law yet!
根據短文內容回答下列各問題。
16. How were children treated in industrial countries 100years ago?
________________________________________.
17. What does the author mean by “go too far?”
________________________________________.
18. Can a teacher in Germany hit his students in public school?
________________________________________.
19. What kind of people can beat children in Sweden?
__________________________________________.
20. What does it mean by “a plan for children to divorce from their parents?”
_________________________________________.
E
Sydney is a young city. Its history goes back just over 200 years. But in Australia, it is the oldest city. It is also the country’s largest city. Sydney is the capital of New South Wales and the most populous(人口稠密的) city of Australia.
The climate(氣候) of Sydney is very good. It’s not too cold during the winter and not too hot during the summer. The sky is blue,the air is fresh(清新的), birds sing in the garden. People who live in Sydney seem to have an easy life style. They will tell you, “Don’t worry. ”
Many people think that Sydney is one of the most attractive cities in the world. It has many tall and modern buildings. Among them, Centrepoint Tower is the tallest. Standing on the 305--metre(80 storeys) tower, you will have a great view(視野) of the city.
Sydney is famous for its deep harbor(港口) .The harbor has many bays(灣) and beautiful surf beaches. Among them, Bondi beach is the most popular. Sydney Harbor is not only beautiful, it also serves as a large port. Ships carry wool, wheat and meat from Sydney to other countries.
People living in Sydney like to call themselves Sydneysiders. They are mostly friendly and easygoing. When they are not working, they love to have a good time at the beach, swimming and sailing.
根據短文內容回答下列各問題。
21. How old is Sydney?
。 ________________________________________
22. How is the climate of Sydney?
。 ________________________________________
23. How tall is Centrepoint Tower?
。 ________________________________________
24. What is Sydney famous for?
。 ________________________________________
25. What do people living in Sydney love to do when they are not working?
。 ________________________________________


【參考答案】
A篇
【文章大意】 幾乎所有的美國大學生都要支付教育費用。首先是學費。有些學校的學費很貴,高達一萬美元一年甚至更多。還有其它的費用,如住宿費。最后還有教材費。有些家庭在孩子還小的時候就開始積攢教育經費,很多學生通過工作來掙錢支付學費,他們也可以向政府借貸,畢業后再還。
1. Nearly all American students 
2. ten thousand dollars a year 
3. Yes, there are some 
4. study in other cities / leave their homes to study / study away from their homes / don’t study near their homes  
5. buy textbooks for their courses
6. when they finish their education
B篇
【文章大意】有些人死后想被發射到太空去,有些人想被深埋在海底之下,但多數人想要被低溫冷凍。現在有些疾病不能治療,但到了將來它們可能會被治好。于是有些人希望死后尸體能被冷凍起來,等找到了治療方法,再讓他們復活。盡管大多數科學家認為這種方法不起作用,還是有1,000多人準備接受低溫冷凍。
7. In the freezer.
8. They hope that they can come back to life one day.
9. They usually keep it in liquid nitrogen at a temperature of 328 degrees below zero.
10. Around 1.000 people.
C篇
【文章大意】一位富人見一位90歲的老人在種無花果樹,感到很驚訝。老人對他說,“我們的祖先為我們栽樹,供我們享受,我也為我的后人們做同樣的事。”
11.He was planting a fig tree.
12. He was ninety years old.
13. No, he wasn’t. He was planting the tree for the people after him .
14. Yes, he did.
15. We should do some good things for the people after us.
D篇
【文章大意】通常而言,為兒童制定法律是件好事。100多年前,在工業國家,7歲大的孩子在工廠一天要工作18小時,工廠的老板可以打小孩,家長和老師們也可以這樣做。今天世界上有很多保護兒童的法律。有些人認為兒童應該遵紀守法,否則就要受到懲罰。其他人則不同,愛斯基摩人從不懲罰兒童。如果孩子們做得太過份了,父母親用開玩笑的方式來懲罰他們。在其他地方則不同,美國的家長可以在家打孩子的屁股,但老師不能在學校打學生。德國跟美國一樣。但在瑞士任何人都不能打孩子,并有專門的政府部門來維護孩子們的權利。
16. They were treated very badly.
17. Do something too much. 
18. No, he can’t.
19. None can do that. 
20. A plan for ending the children’s relationship with their parents.
E篇
【文章大意】這是一篇介紹悉尼的文章,分別從歷史、氣候、建筑、港口和居民等方面闡述了悉尼的迷人之處。
21. It’s just over 200 years old.
22. It’s not too cold during the winter and not too hot during the summer. It’s very good.
23. It’s 305 meters tall.
24. Sydney is famous for its deep harbor.
25. They love to go swimming and sailing.
閱讀簡答實例分析

(A)
John Smith was an old porter. He worked at the station. Every day he was busy carrying heavy things for the people. He was careful with his work. He was kind to everyone. He was always ready to help others.
One morning he stood in the station. He was waiting for the train. Just then he saw a man running towards the trains with a big bag in his hand.
“No train is starting. Why is he in such a hurry?” the old man thought to himself.
He went up to the man and asked, “May I help you?”
As soon as the man saw the porter, he stopped running.
“Can I catch the 10:35 train to London?” the man asked. He looked worried.
The old porter looked at him for a few seconds and said, “Well, sir. I’d like to help you, but I can’t answer your question because I don’t know how fast you can run.”  Then he explained to the man, “The 10:35 train to London left five minutes ago. Can you run fast enough to catch it?”
1. What was John’s job?
2. Where do you think the man was going?
3. Why did the man run towards the trains and look worried?
4. What time was it when the man got to the station?
5. What do you think of John Smith?

【答案及解析】
通讀全文, 故事講述的是車站搬運工John Smith有一天在火車站同一名旅客間的一段對話,故事很幽默。

第一個問題是一個細節題,第1段清楚地說明了他的工作:John Smith was an old porter。porter的意思的“(車站、碼頭) 的搬運工人”,如果考生不認識這個詞,也可以由He worked at the station. Every day he was busy carrying heavy things for the people.這兩句話了解他的工作性質。因此第一個問題的回答:John’s job was to carry heavy things for the people at station. / He was a porter.
第二個問題是一個推理題,問題:這名旅客要去哪里。由文中這句旅客的問話Can I catch the 10:35 train to London?很容易推斷出他要去倫敦。
第三個問題仍要求考生推理得出答案,問題:為什么此人看上去很急的樣子朝火車趕去。很顯然是因為他在趕火車。對why提問要用because進行回答,第三個問題的回答是Because he wanted to catch the 10:35 train to London.
第四個問題是推理題, 問的是:這名旅客趕到火車站的時間。由下文John的回答The 10:35 train to London left five minutes ago可知火車已開走,這名旅客趕到的時間是大約10: 40,因此第四題的回答是It was about10:40 (twenty to eleven) 。第五個問題是歸納題, 考查考生對文章大意的理解。這個問題的回答實際上就是全文的中心句, 在第一自然段里已做了介紹。He was careful with his work. He was kind to everyone and always ready to help others.
(B)
John Brown, an office worker, lives in Washington, He inherited(繼承) $ 1,000, 000 when he was 23. He didn’t feel happy at all. His college friends were looking for their first jobs, but he didn’t have to. John decided to keep living a simple life like everyone else. He didn’t tell any of his friends and gave $ 100, 000 of his money to a charity(慈善團體) that helped poor children to live better lives, but he is much happier.
Up to now,John has helped 15 children from poor coun¬tries all over the world, $ 200 a month for each. The child does not receive the money in cash(現金). The money pays for the child’s school expenses, food, medical care and cloth¬ing. John receives a report each year on the child’s progress. They can write to each other, but usually the children do not speak English.
When John first heard about these children, he wanted to help them. “It was not anything special,” he said, “Until I had the chance to go to these countries and meet the children I was helping, I did not know anything about the type of life they had.”
Once John went to meet a little girl in Africa. He said that the meeting was very exciting. “When I met her, I felt very very happy,”  he said, “I saw that the money was used for a very good plan. It brought me closer to the child in a way that giving money alone cannot” “ I want to do every¬thing I can. I will go on helping those children in need, “he added.
根據短文內容回答下列問題,不超過五個單詞:
1. What kind of life is John living?
He is living a _______________________..
2. Did John want to look for a job or stay at home after he got the money?
___________________
3. Does John only help the poor children in Africa?
____________________________
4. The child receives the money in cash, doesn’t he?
_______________________________
5. Why did John say that the meeting with the little girl was very exciting?
Because he saw his money was well used and this made him_____________.
6.. How do you like John Brown?
He is_______________________

【答案及解析】
這篇短文講述的是John Brown繼承了一筆遺產,并用這筆錢來資助15個孩子的故事。注意有的問題是用句子回答,有的則是用短語或詞回答,詞數有要求,不能超過五個單詞。
閱讀簡答的答題技巧

學生們做“閱讀簡答”這樣的題目時,普遍覺得不難,而考試結果一出來,卻發現得高分的不多,原因就在于這種題型不僅要求考生讀懂文章, 還要求他們用自己的語言簡練的回答有關問題;既考查了學生的閱讀理解能力,也考查了他們的英語表達能力和概括能力,另外,對回答的拼寫、語法的正確性的要求,使得做簡答題有一定的難度。再加上解答這樣的題型幾乎沒有猜題的技巧可言,也從某種意義上加大了做題的難度。要想取得較好的成績,好的解題步驟和技巧是非常重要的。
1. 通讀全文。做簡答題的關鍵是要讀懂原文,因此首先要通讀全文、弄清楚段落大意及文章的中心意思以及作者的基本觀點、態度,正確理解語境。
2. 按題查讀,即根據問題去尋找答案。認真閱讀問題,充分理解問題,準確理解所問的內容,確定需要在文章中查找的對象,避免答非所問。
3. 簡練作答。在基本確定了每道題的回答內容之后,就要用簡練、準確的英語表達出來。注意回答問題時要切中要點,不要畫蛇添足。組織答案時,注意避免語言錯誤,如:時態、主謂一致、句子結構和拼寫等。如需引用原文,要作適當改動,最好不要整句照搬.
4. 認真核查。完成所填的答案以后,再將原短文和補全后的短文或句子放在一起,審讀一遍,上下對比參照,逐一檢查所填的詞是否符合原文主旨和細節,是否答非所問,是否仍存在語法、詞匯拼寫等錯誤,另外還有一點也要注意:如果對字數有要求, 是否符合要求。
5. 答案形式要符合提問方式。不同類型的問題要求有不同形式的回答,不能僅僅為了答案的簡潔而忽略了問題與回答在形式上的對應。如原文中提問方式為“why”,那么就要用“because”引導的從句來回答。
答題時值得注意的是:根據語境、先定詞義、后定詞形。因此首先得縱觀全文,圍繞中心意思,綜合考慮來確定詞義,保證所填的詞符合全文的大意。查讀相關的段落或詞句時,應仔細對照留有空格的句子或問題,找出充足的依據來確定該空格應填詞的詞義。所填的詞還必須符合語法正確的原則,必須從詞語搭配、句型結構以及人稱、時態、語態上來判定所填詞的正確形式,所填的詞以實詞為主,有些要填的詞可以從原短文中直接找到答案。

第一個問題是細節題,詢問John過著怎樣的一種生活。由文中的句子John decided to keep living a simple life like everyone else. 可知:他的生活簡樸。因此第一題可填入simple life.
第二個問題是推理題,文章開頭說His college friends were looking for their first jobs, but he didn’t have to. John decided to keep living a simple life like everyone else.說明他想和別人一樣過普通人的生活。很容易對這個選擇疑問句作出回答,注意對選擇疑問句的回答方式,不要畫蛇添足。第2句的回答: He  wanted to look for a job.
第三個問題是細節題,根據John has helped 15 children from poor coun¬tries all over the world…可知這個一般疑問句的回答:是No. (He helps other children.) / No, he doesn’t.
第四個問題是細節題,這是個反意問句,由文中的The child does not receive the money in cash(現金) The money pays for the child’s school expenses, food, medical care and cloth¬ing.可知回答是No / No,he doesn’t.
第五個問題要求考生用短語或詞填空,這是推理題,問:為什么John同小女孩的見面令他激動?題目中已給出了部分回答:Because he saw his money was well used and this made him_____________.短文 “When I met her, I felt very very happy,”  he said, “I saw that the money was used for a very good plan. It brought me closer to the child in a way that giving money alone cannot” 可以判斷空里應填feel happy / closer to the child.
第六個問題是歸納總結題,要求考生在理解全文的基礎上,對主人公的人品進行歸納評價。最合適的回答是:a kind(generous) person。
回答問題型閱讀理解題3篇

閱讀下列短文,然后根據短文內容回答問題。
(1)
It’s hard to make friends if you stay at home alone all the time. Get out of the house and do things that will put you in touch with(接觸) other people. It’s easier to make friends when you have similar interests.
Don’t be afraid to show people what you’re really good at. Talk about the things you like and do best. People will be interested in you if there is something interesting about you.
Look at people in the eye when you talk to them. That way, they’ll find it easier to talk to you, or people may think you’re not interested in them and may stop being in¬terested in you.
Be a good listener. Let people talk about themselves before talking about “me, me, me”. Ask lots of questions. Show an interest in their answers.
Try to make friends with the kind of people you really like, respect (尊敬), and admire (羨慕)—not just with those who are easy to meet. Be friendly with a lot of peo¬ple. That way, you’ll have a bigger group of people to choose from and have more chances for making friends.
1. How can we have more friends, get in touch with other people or stay at home?
2. When Jim talks to people, he always looks right, left, or at the floor. Do you think it’s right? Why or why not?
3. Cindy always talks about herself when she talks to other people. What advice (it’80 do you think she needs to follow?
4. What should you do if you want to have more chances for making friends?
5. What’s the main idea of the passage?
(2)
Thanksgiving Day is a very special day for people in the United States. They celebrate it on the last Thursday in November. Canadians also celebrate Thanksgiving Day, but they do it on the second Monday of October. In Britain, where this festival is called Harvest Festival, people celebrate it earlier in the year, in September.
A harvest is the fruit you take from the trees and the crops you take from the ground. In North America and Britain, harvest time for most fruit and crops is in the autumn. In these countries and other Christian places, people give thanks to God on a special day of the year. They thank God for the good things that have happened during the year and for the good harvest they have had. People usually take small boxes of fruit, flowers, and vegetables to their churches to show their thanks.
The first thanksgiving service (儀式) in North America took place on December 4th, 1619 when 38 English people, arrived in America to make their home in the new country. They held this service not to thank God for the harvest, but to thank God for their safe journeys. The next year, many more English people arrived. They had a bad winter, but fortunately the harvest was good. they decided to celebrate it with a big meal. They shot and killed small animals to eat and cooked every¬thing outside on large fires. About 90 Indians also came to the meal. Everyone ate at tables outside their houses and played games together. The festival lasted three days.
A Thanksgiving Day celebration was held every year for a long time, but not always on the same day of the year. Then, in 1789, President George Washington named November 26th as the Day of Thanksgiving. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln changed the date, and said that the last Thursday in November should be Thanksgiving Day.
Nowadays, North Americans around the world get together with their families on this day to eat good food and have a happy time.
1. Is Thanksgiving Day celebrated on the same day in North American countries?
2. When did the first thanksgiving service take place in North America?
3. Who made the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day in the USA?
4. What does the word “fortunately” mean in Chinese?
5. Translate the sentence "They thank God for the good things that have happened during the year and for the good harvest they have had." into Chinese.

(3)
Reading for pleasure is the easiest way to become a better reader in English. It is also the most important way.
Some students say they don’t want to read for pleasure. They say they want to use their time to learn the rules of the language and new words. They say that pleasure read¬ing is too easy.
Many experts (專家) say pleasure reading is very important for learning English. Dr. Stephen Krashen, a famous expert on learning languages, says that pleasure reading helps you learn many important things about English. Students learn more grammar and more words when they read for pleasure. They also learn more about good writing.
Dr. Krashen tells us that pleasure reading helps each student in a different way. Each student needs to learn something different. Pleasure reading makes it possible for each student to learn what he or she needs.
Reading for pleasure is not the same as studying. When you read for pleasure, you choose your own books, and you don’t have to remember everything. There are no tests on your pleasure reading books. Pleasure reading will help you:
●learn how English speakers use English
●read faster in English
●find examples of good writing in English
●learn new words
●learn about the cultures (文化) of English speakers
1. Is pleasure reading important for learning English?
2. Which is the easier way to become a better reader, pleasure reading or studying?
3. What do some students think of pleasure reading?
4. How can we become better readers?
5. What’s the greatest advantage (優點) of pleasure reading?
【答案及解析】
(1)
1. Get in touch with other people.回答選擇問句不能用Yes或No來回答,而是從選項中選擇一項進行回答。本題答案由第1段前兩句可知。
2. No. / I don’t think so. Because people may think he’s not interest¬ed in them. / Because he should look at people in the eye. / Because it’s impolite / not polite 可在第3段找到答案。
3. Be a good listener. / Let people talk about them¬selves before talking about “her, her, her.” / Listen to other people first 可根據第4段的內容來回答。
4. Be friendly with other (a lot of) people. / Try to make friends with the kind of people you really like, respect and admire—not just with those who are easy to meet. / Get out to meet other people.
5. How to make friends / To make friends / Make friends. / Making friends根據首尾段即可概括出。
(2)
1. No, it isn’t. 回答一般疑問句用Yes或No回答。
2. On December 4th, 1619. 細節題。見第3段第一句。
3. President Abraham Lincoln 細節題。見第4段最后一句。
4. 幸運地 詞義猜測題。根據前后的轉折關系可推測出。
5.翻譯:他們感謝上帝在這一年中賜給他們的好運和給他們帶來的好收成。
(3)
1. Yes, it is. 由文章的第1段第2句可知。
2. Pleasure reading. 根據最后一段的內容可知。
3. It’s too easy. / It’s not useful / helpful / important. 根據第2段的內容回答。
4. Do pleasure reading. 由第1段第1句可知。
5. We can learn what we need.由第4段可知。
表格式閱讀理解題3篇

閱讀下列短文,然后根據短文的內容,從A、B、C、D四個選項中選出一個最佳選項。
(1)
  Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
8:00—8:45 Maths Chinese English Maths Chinese
8:55—9:40 English Maths Chinese Chinese Computer
10:0—10:45 Art Physics Biology Politics Computer
10:5—11:40 P.E. English Maths Chemistry English
1:00—1:45 History Geography Physics History Maths
2:00—2:45 Music Chemistry P.E. English Biology
2:55—3:40 Chinese Class Meeting Politics Chinese Geography
1. You have an art class on ______.
A. Monday B. Tuesday C. Wednesday D. Thursday
2. You have ______ Chinese classes every week.
A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6
3. How long will you rest for lunch-time?
A. 60 minutes B. 70 minutes C. 80 minutes D. 90 minutes
4. You have ______classes only on Monday and Wednesday?
A. art B. music C. biology D. P.E.
5. You can send and receive e-mail from ______to ______ in computer class on Friday.
A. 8:00; 9:00 B. 8:55; 10:45 C. 10:00; 11:40 D. 2:00; 3:40

(2)
Huaihua Foreign Language School
Lin Nan, Teacher of English
Yingfeng Street, Huaihua, China
Tel:0745-2709348  Fax:0745-2709756
E-mail: [email protected]
Bp:1240822018Zip code:418000 Daqing Children’s Hospital
Liu Hong, Doctor
12 Xingling Road, Changchun, Jilin 130027
Tel:0431-5645972
13704358529(mobile)
Fax:0431-5768904 E-mail:[email protected]

Red Star Farm
Zhang Hui, Farmer
Shangping Village, Zhejiang, 419100
Tel: 0745-6826194
13973098479(mobile)
Bp:1270803706
  Tiantai Taxi Company
Yang Jun, Driver
235St. Tongzhi, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 31007
Tel:0571-7038385 Fax:0571-7065834
E-mail:[email protected] Bp:1992301636

1. We can learn English from ______.
A. Yang Jun B. Zhang Hui C. Liu Hong D. Li Nan
2. You may telephone ______ for help if your grandmother is ill.
A. Yang Jun B. Zhang Hui  C. Liu Hong D. Li Nan
3. We can call ______ when we want to take a taxi to Hangzhou Railway Station.
A. 13973098479  B. 0745-2709348    C. 1992301636  D. 13704358529
4. Of the four, we can’t send fax to the ______.
A. driver B. teacher C. doctor D. farmer
5. If you have some questions about your health, please send an E-mail to ______.
A. [email protected] B. [email protected]    C. [email protected] D. [email protected]
(3)
Driver Wanted
Drive for busy restaurant some evening and weekend work
All meals are free
Ring 33335678 House for Sale
¥150, 000, built in 1995
The house with 3 bedrooms, a bathroom, a living room, a kitchen and a breakfast room. It’s on the south side of the city
Yingbin Supermarket, the biggest shopping centre in our city will open on July 8, 2005. Everybody with today’s Tianjin Daily will get a small present that day. You are wellcome.
Tel: 27984321
Add: No.6 Huanghe Road tianjin Daily June 1, 2005 Rose’s Special Concert
Time: 2 p.m., July 3, Saturday
Place: People’s Statium
Ticket Price:
RMB: 150 yuan for adults;
70 yuan for students
June 25, 2005
1. If you work as a driver in the restaurant, you may ______.
A. never pay for meals   B. pay a little for meals
C. work on weekends    D. work in the afternoon
2. If you buy the house, you ______.
A. may pay more than ¥150, 000 for it  B. must have breakfast in the kitchen
C. have to take a bath in the public bathroom D. may live on the south side of the city
3. Any customer with a Tianjin Daily of June 1, 2005 will get a small present from ______.
A. every supermarket B. Huanghe Road
C. Tianjin Daily D. Yingbin Supermarket
4. When will the concert be?
A. Julu1, 2005 B. June 8, 2005
C. July 3, 2005 D. June 25, 2005
5. If two adults and two students want to go to the concert, the tickets will cost RMB______.
A. 220 yuan B. 440 yuan  C. 270 yuan D. 370 yuan

【答案及解析】
(1)
1. A 細節題。在課表中搜尋art,在Monday的第3節課10:00—10:45找到。
2. D 細節題。在課表中數每天的Chinese課可知共6節。
3.C.計算題。從11:40到1:00共休息80分種。
4. D 細節題。只有星期一和星期三有但其他幾天里沒有的只是體育課。
5. B 細節題。星期五的第一節電腦課開始是8:55,第二節電腦課結束是10:45。
(2)
1. D 事實細節題。因為我們可以在第1排第1張卡片上尋找到Li Nan,Teacher of English。
2. C事實細節題。因為我們可以在第1排第2張卡片上尋找到Liu Hong, Doctor。
3. C事實細節題。因為我們可以在第2排第2張卡片上尋找到答案。
4. D事實細節題。在四張卡片中搜尋fax,發現第2排第1張的Zhang Hui, Farmer中沒有fax。
5. B事實細節題。因為有關健康(health) 問題,當然是找醫院的醫生Liu Hong,其E-mail就是[email protected]
(3)
1. A 細節題。由在Driver Wanted欄中找到的All meals are free可知。2. D 細節題。答案A錯在more than;因專有a breakfast room.,排除B;又因有a bathroom,無需去the public bathroom,排除C。由最后一句可知D正確。
3. D 推測題。因這是Yingbin Supermarket在Tianjin Daily上的廣告。4. D 細節題。由Rose’s Special Concert欄的最后一行可知。
5. B 計算題。150×2+70×2=440。
判斷正誤型閱讀理解題2篇

根據下面一篇短文的內容判斷下列句子的正誤,正確的用“A”表示,錯誤的用“B”表示。

(1)
Miss Grey lived in a small house. She was old and did not like noise at all, so she was very pleased when her noisy neighbor moved out. A young man moved in and Miss Grey thought the man seemed to be quiet.
But at three o’clock the next morning, the noise of a dog woke her up. She thought she had never heard a dog there before. It must be the young man’s dog. So she telephoned the young man, said something bad about the dog and then hung up the telephone before he could answer. Nothing more happened until three o’clock the next morning. Then Miss Grey’s telephone rang, and when she answered, a voice said, “You telephoned me twenty-four hours ago. Now I’ve rung you up to say that I haven’t a dog.”
1. Miss Grey felt sorry when her noisy neighbour moved out.
2. Miss Grey’s new neighbour was as noisy as the old one.
3. Some noise woke her up in the early morning.
4. She thought the new neighbour had brought a dog with him.
5. The young man rang up Miss Grey in the early morning, because he wanted to punish(懲罰) her.

(2)
Yesterday evening, when I went to town with my mother, we met a strange old man. It was raining hard and we had no umbrella(傘). We were trying to get into a taxi when he came up to us. He was carrying a nice umbrella and he said that he would give it to us for only a pound. He had forgotten his wallet, he said, needed taxi-fare(出租汽車費) to go back home. My mother didn’t believe what he had said at first, and asked him a lot of questions. But the old man didn’t get into a taxi. We followed(跟隨) him and found he went into a pub(小酒店) and bought himself a glass of whiskey (威士忌) with the pound. After he drank it, he put on his hat and took up one of the many wet umbrellas there and went off with the new one. Soon after that, he sold it again.
1. The old man sold an umbrella to the writer and her mother.
2. He gave it to them for only a pound because he had forgotten his wallet and needed taxi fare to go back home.
3. The umbrella was worth more than one pound.
4. The old man sold his own umbrella.
5. He was an honest man.
【答案及解析】
(1)
1. B 細節題。由第1段第2句中so she was very pleased when her noisy neighbor moved out可知。
2. B 細節題。由seemed to be quiet等可知。
3. A 細節題。由第2段第1句the noise of a dog woke her up可知。
4. A 細節題。由第2段的第2、3句可知。
5. A 推斷題。她頭天打電話來罵他時,盡管他來不及說話她掛了電話,但也可打過去或者第二天某個時候打給她,說他沒有狗。而要等24小時后的凌晨3點才打電話告訴她,這不是故意懲罰她嗎?
(2)
1. A 推理判斷題。雖然文中不可直接找到答案,但由后文的bought himself a glass of whiskey (威士忌) with the pound.中pound前用的是the(那) 和he sold it again中的again(又)可推斷出,作者和他母親買了那個老人的傘。
2. B 事實細節題。由文中所述這個老人收錢后并沒乘taxi回家,而是去pub喝酒可知。
3. A 推理判斷題。他要將傘賣給作者時說for only a pound中的only可以推斷,那把傘不只值1英鎊。
4. B推理判斷題。這個老頭先賣給了作者一把傘,可是他喝酒后又took up one of the many wet umbrellas there,并將其很快賣掉,由此推斷賣的并不是他自己的傘,而是別的人傘。
5. B推理判斷題。這個老人原來說賣傘乘taxi回家,事實上是上pub喝酒,后來又拿別的雨傘去賣掉,由此可推斷他是不誠實的。
中考英語閱讀理解實例分析(四篇)

【實例一】
Most people want to work, but it has become more difficult in today’s world to find work for everyone. The economy (經濟) of the world needs to grow by 4% each year just to keep the old number of jobs for people. Often this is not possible, and so more people are out of work. Some people have no jobs now because new machines can do the work of many people in short time. Also, machines do not ask for more money and longer holiday. In all of the countries of the world, machines are taking work from people, not only in factories but also on the farms. One machine can often do the work from forty people. About 75,000 people are moving to the cities a day to look for jobs, but only 70% of them can find jobs.
1. It was _______ for people to find work before than today.
A. not possible B. difficult  C. more difficult D. easier
2. If the economy of the world grows by 4% each year, _______.
A. people will have no jobs B. people can still have jobs as before
C. 4% of the people will have jobs D. 97% of the people will have jobs
3. One machine can do as much work as _______.
A. 40% of the people B. 4% of the people in the world
C. 40 people  D. 75,000 people
4. How many people outside cities go into to look for jobs each day?
A. 70% of the people. B. 4% of the people in the world.
C. More than 75,000. D. About 75,000 people.
5. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. Machines are taking work instead of people.
B. Now more people are out of work.
C. Machines need more money and longer holidays.
D. Most people want to have jobs.
【答案及解析】
1. 由短文的第一句話It has become more difficult in today’s world to find work for everyone. 可知現在找工作比以前更困難,即以前找工作比現在容易得多。所以答案選D。
2. 由短文的第二句話The economy of the world needs to grow by 4% each year just to keep the old number of jobs for the people. 準確地理解了這一句話的意思就能得出正確答案為B。
3. 由短文的倒數第二句話One machine can often do the work of forty people.可知此題的正確答案為C。
4. 此題根據原文的最后一句話可直接得出答案為D。
5. 此題在原文中都可找到答案,而C答案與作者的觀點Machines do not ask for more money and longer holiday.不一致,所以選C。

【實例二】
A young man once went into town and bought himself a pair of trousers. When he got home, he went upstairs to his bedroom and put them on. He found that they were about two inches too long.
He came downstairs, where his mother and his two sisters were washing up tea things in the kitchen. “These new trousers are too long.” He said. “ They need shortening (縮短)by about two inches. Would one of you mind doing this for me, please?” His mother and sisters were busy and none of them said anything.
But as soon as his mother had finished washing up, she went quietly upstairs to her son’s bedroom and shortened the trousers by two inches. She came downstairs without saying anything to her daughters.
Later on, after supper, the elder sister remembered her brother’s trousers. She was a kind-hearted girl, so she went quietly upstairs without saying anything to anyone, and shortened the trousers by two inches.
The younger sister went to the cinema, but when she came back, she , too, remembered what her brother had said. So she ran upstairs and took two inches off the legs of the new trousers.
1. The young man bought the new trousers _______ his size.
A. as long as  B. two inches longer than
C. as big as  D. two inches shorter than
2. He asked _______ to shorten his new trousers.
A. his mother and sisters  B. his two sisters
C. his elder sister  D. his mother and one of his sisters
3. His mother and sisters ________.
A. agreed to do that  B. didn’t want to do that
C. said nothing to him D. said something to him
4. His elder sister shortened the trousers ________.
A. after finished washing  B. before she went to bed
C. when she came back from the cinema D. after having supper
5. The next morning the young man would find the trousers were _______.
A. two inches shorter  B. four inches shorter
C. six inches shorter D. eight inches shorter
【答案及解析】
1. B. 第一段的最后一句He found that they were about two inches too long.
2. A. 年輕人提出縮短褲子的要求,這個要求是向在場的媽媽和他的兩個姐妹提出的。
3. C. 因當時媽媽和姐妹倆都忙于干活,所以當時都沒有回答他的話。
4. D. 從第四段的原句(Later on, after supper, the elder sister remembered her brother’s trousers)中我們可知是晚飯后去把褲子縮短了。
5. C. 通讀全文,知道有三人把褲子各縮短了兩英寸,那么總共縮短了六英寸。

【實例三】
When you are learning English, you find it not clever to put an English sentence, word for word, into your own language. Take the sentence “ How do you do?” as an example. If you look up each word in the dictionary, one at a time, what is your translation? It must be a wrong sentence in your own language.
Languages do not just have different sounds, they are different in many ways. It’s important to master(掌握) the rules(規則) for word order in the study of English, too. If the speaker puts words in a wrong order, the listener can’t understand the speaker’s sentence easily. Sometimes when the order of words in an English sentence is changed, the meaning of the sentence changes, But sometimes the order is changed, the meaning of the sentence doesn’t change. Let’s see the difference between the two pairs of sentences.
“She only likes apples.”
“Only she likes apples.”
“I have seen the film already.”
“I have already seen the film.”
When you are learning English, you must do your best to get the spirit(精神實質) of the language and use it as the English speaker does.
1. From the passage we know that _______when we are learning English.
A. we shouldn’t put every word into our own language
B. we should look up every word in the dictionary
C. we need to put every word into our own language
D. we must read word by word
2. The writer thinks it is _______ in learning English.
A. difficult to understand different sounds
B. possible to remember the word order
C. important to master the rules in different ways
D. easy to master the rules for word order
3. We can learn from the passage that ________.
A. the meaning of an English sentence always changes with the order of the words
B. The order of words can never change the meaning of an English sentence
C. sometimes different order of words has a different meaning
D. if the order of words is different, the meaning of the sentence must be different
4. “She only likes apples.” ________.
A. is the same as “Only she likes apples.”
B. is different from “Only she likes apples.”
C. means “She likes fruit except apples.”
D. means “She doesn’t like apples.”
5. Which is the best title (標題) for this passage?
A. Different Orders, Different Meanings
B. How to Speak English
C. How to Put English into Our Own Language
D. How to Learn English
【答案及解析】
1. A. 從整篇文章我們知道,在學習英語翻譯句子時,我們不能逐字逐詞譯成母語,這樣做是不明智的,結果是譯成錯誤的句子。
2. B. 從文章中的第二段的這一句中It’s important to master the rules for word order in the study of English, too. 可知B項為正確答案。
3. C. 從文章所舉的兩組例子和原句Sometimes when the order of words in an English sentence is changed, the meaning of the sentence changes. 說明了作者的這一觀點:有時,不同的詞序會有不同的意思。
4. B. She only likes apples. only在這句中修飾動詞likes,意為“她只喜歡蘋果,而不喜歡吃其它水果”。Only she likes apples. only在此句中修飾主語she,意為“只有她喜歡蘋果,而其他人就不一定喜歡吃蘋果了。”所以正確答案是B。
5. D. 從整篇文章可以看出其大意是“怎樣學習英語?”,把它作為標題應該是最佳的。
【實例四】
A cheap sweater
Mr. Ford saw a nice sweater in the shop window. It was very cheap. So he bought one.
When he went back home he put the sweater on, It was all right and he was pleased with it.
In the afternoon he went out to work in his garden. It soon began to rain, and Mr. Ford had to run into his house. He ran quickly, but he still got wet.
Then his sweater started to shrink. It got smaller and smaller. Mr. Ford tried to take it off, but he couldn’t.
In the end, with the help of his wife, he got out of the sweater. Mrs. Ford laughed, “ You see, you bought a cheap thing, but…”
閱讀短文,然后根據文章內容判斷下列各句是否正確,對的用“T”、錯誤的用“F”表示。
1. Mr. Ford bought the sweater because it was very nice and cheap.
2. “Shrink” here means “become smaller”.
3. Mr. Ford was not good at buying things.
4. Mr. Ford put the sweater on as soon as he bought it.
5. Mr. Ford took off the sweater by himself.
【答案與解的】
1. T. 第1小題的句意與文章的第1自然段意思相同,所以符合短文內容。
2. T. 從文章的第四自然段可知shrink的意思就是become smaller。所以符合短文內容。
3. T. Ford先生上午買的衣服下午穿在身上被雨水打濕后就縮小變形了,由此可知Ford先生不擅長買東西。
4. F. 從文章中的When he went back home he put the sweater on.可知, 他是買了帶回家才穿的。所以第四小題與短文內容不相符合。
5. F. 從文章的最后一段可知他是在妻子的幫助下才把衣服給脫下來的。所以與短文內容不相符合。
“先題后文”閱讀方法說明
關于“先題后文”,同學們運用此法時要注意:
1. 先讀題時只能是讀其問題或題干,而不能讀問題后的選項,否則不僅浪費時間,而且也無法記住眾多答案所表達的眾多信息。
2. 在讀了題之后,要把這些問題記在心里,并帶著這些問題去閱讀短文,關于這一點考生是要經過反復的訓練才能形成能力的,因為短文后的這些問題本身所表達的信息并不象短文那樣有情節,也不象短文那樣連貫,所以有不少同學在開始試用這種方法時,往往先讀了題之后(尤其是當問題較多時)再讀短文時,又忘記是什么問題了。
3. 帶著問題讀短文時,對短文中出現的那些與問題有關的詞句,你可以用一支鉛筆在短文中作些記號,以便為下一步選擇作好準備,但也要注意不要每讀到一個與問題有關的信息點就停下來去對照后面的問題,因為這樣轉來轉去要耽誤一些時間,另一方面有些問題往往要通過對短文的全面了解才能作出結論,而不能僅僅從一、二個信息點作出判斷。
4. 帶著問題讀完短文之后,接著便是選擇理解題的答案。雖然你是帶著問題去閱讀短文的,但也并不是說你在閱讀時帶去的問題全部得到了答案,也可能有些還沒有把握(尤其是一些主觀理解題),這時你同樣要帶著這些“疑題”去跳讀短文(具體做法參見上面的“先文后題”的有關說明)。
中考英語閱讀理解主觀性考題

根據短文內容,完成下列句子或短文,每空填一個英語單詞。
(1)
One day, Mr White told the class to get ready for a hobby show. All the students had the whole morning to get what they were going to show.
All the students came back on time except Bob, the laziest boy in his classmates’ eyes. It was very difficult to believe that such a boy could have a hobby. But to their surprise, Bob came back with many beautiful stamps in his hand. Mr White was very happy after watching them. However, Bob was going to take them back.
“Bob, you can’t take them back until the others watch them this afternoon,” said Mr White.
“But I’m sorry they are my brother’s,” he answered. “He doesn’t want them to be out of our home for long. He’s afraid that they will be lost.”
“Bob, you should show your own hobby here, not someone else’s” Mr White be¬came a bit angry.
But Bob’s following words made him even angrier. “Mr White, it’s true that I have a hobby. My hobby is watching my brother collecting stamps.”
1. All the students ______ the whole morning in ______ready for the hobby show.
2. Bob was so______ that his classmates didn’t ______ he could have a hobby.
3. When Bob ______ to his classroom, he brought many beautiful ______.
4. The things in ______ hand were ______ his but his brother’s.
5. Bob thought he ______ a “hobby”. He liked ______ his brother collecting.

(2)
John,
I’ll be home late tonight. I have to stay for a business meeting after work. Will you please pick up my jacket from the dry cleaner? The children are at Mother’s. Pick them up there. Could you give them their bath and make dinner for them? Don’t wait for me for dinner. I don’t know what time the meeting will end. And please don’t forget to buy some bread, milk and a little fuller at the supermarket. We don’t have any.
Love,
Sue
This is a (1) ______ from Sue to John. Sue is John’s (2) ______. One day Sue had to stay for a meeting and couldn’t go home for (3) ______. The children were at their (4) ______ home. So Sue wrote to tell John to do some (5) ______. He would go and get the children (6) ______ first then he would (7) ______ some bread, milk and (8) ______ the children to take a bath. She didn’t tell John how long the meeting would (9) ______ because she didn’t (10) ______ when the meeting would be over.

(3)
I will never forget the lesson which Mr Li gave us. One day Mr Li was speaking to us in our school meeting room. He began his speech by holding up a ¥100 bill. He asked, “Who would like this ¥ 100 bill?” Most of us put up our hands quickly. Then he said, “I am going to give this ¥ 100 to one of you, but first let me do this.” He then made the bill into a ball and said, “Who wants it now?” We raised our hands again. But he said, “Wait a moment.” He then dropped it on the floor and stepped on it. After that, he picked up the dirty bill and said, “Who still wants it?” Many hands were still up. “My friends,” he said, “you have learned a valuable lesson today. No matter what I did to the money, you still wanted it because it did not go down in value. It was still worth ¥100!”
“We always lose many chances we take in our lives.” He went on speaking, “We feel as if we are worth nothing. But remember, no matter what has happened to you, you will never lose your value, you are always valuable to those people who love you. Your value doesn’t come from what you do or who you know, but WHO YOU ARE.”
“You are special and valuable. Don’t ever forget it!”
1. The writer will never forget the lesson which ______.
2. After Mr Li made the bill______, he asked who wanted it.
3. No matter what Mr Li had done to the bill, the students still wanted it because they knew that ______.
4. When people lose many chances in their lives, they feel______.
5. From the story we learn that if we are in trouble, ______.
【答案及解析】
(1)
本文是個幽默故事,懷特先生叫全班學生展示自己的業余愛好,懶惰的Bob意外地帶來了許多郵票。經老師盤問才知郵票是他哥哥集的,他的業余愛好就是愛他哥哥集郵。答案為:1. spent, getting 2. lazy, think / believe 3. returned, stamps 4.Bob’s, not 5.had, watching
(2)
此題考查考生對日常生活中便條的理解及轉述的能力。1. note / message 2. wife 從便條中The children are at Mother’s句及后文叫對方去接孩子并給孩子洗澡等內容可判斷。3. dinner / supper 4. grandmother’s / grandfather’s / grandparents’5. housework 購物和照料孩子等都屬家務活。6. back / home 7. buy / get 8. help 9. last / be 注意last可與時間段連用表示“延續”多久。10. know
(3)
1. was given by Mr Li / Mr Li gave them
2. into a ball / dirty / into a ball and then dropped it on the floor and stepped on it
3. it didn’t go down in value / it was still worth ¥100
4. as if they are worth nothing / sad / unhappy / disappointed / unlucky
5. we should never give up / lose our heart / we should believe ourselves / try our best again / we’ll never lose our value again (because we are always valuable to those people who love us) / we are still special and valuable
如何應對閱讀理解中的細節題和推理題

一、做細節事實題的方法
在閱讀理解題目中,有相當一部分是考查細節和事實的題目。這類題目相對容易一些。這些題目有兩個共同特點:(1) 凡屬針對特定細節的考題,其正確答案大都可以在閱讀材料中找到對應的文字部分作為驗證。這一部分可能是一個詞或短語,也可能是一個句子或相關的若干句子,但句式、用詞和表達方式不同。(2) 干擾項往往是主體思想與細節混雜,正確答案細節和非正確答案的細節混雜,甚至真假混雜。因此,要做好閱讀理解中的確定細節和事實的題目,一要在文章中找出相應的信息點,二要排除干擾項。
二、做推理判斷題的方法
所謂推斷,就是根據閱讀材料中所提供的信息,推斷出未知的信息。即把有關的文字作為已知部分,從中推斷出未知部分。據以推斷的有關文字可能是詞或句子,也可能是若干句子,甚至是全文。中考英語試題中的推斷題主要有以下幾種:
1.事實推斷
這種推斷常常針對某一個或幾個具體細節,是比較簡單的推斷。進行這種推斷,要首先在文章中找出據以推斷的有關文字,然后加以分析,尤其要悟出字里行間的意思。例如:
According to the passage, which of the following can you most possibly watch on TV?
A. You often play football with your friends after school.
B. Your teacher has got a cold.
C. A tiger in the city zoo has run out and hasn’t been caught.
D. The bike in front of your house is lost.
在閱讀材料中,有這樣一段文字:
Secondly, a news story has to be interesting and unusual. People don’t want to read stories about everyday life. As a result, many stories are about some kind of danger and seem to be “bad” news.
根據這段文字,我們可以推斷:電視報道的新聞故事必須是有趣的和不平常的。因此,正確答案應為C。
2.指代推斷
確定代詞的含義和指代對象是閱讀理解題常見的題目。要確定指代詞所指代的對象,關鍵在于對所在上下文的正確理解。指代名詞的指代詞,其單復數形式英語被指代的詞一致,因此數的形式可作為識別指代對象第一個輔助標志。
3.邏輯推斷
這類題目往往是要求根據文章所提供的背景,人物的表情,動作和語言來推斷出人物的態度或感覺。
4.對作者的意圖和態度的推斷
這一類考題大都要求考生就作者對論述對象持什么樣的態度做出推斷,如作者對所陳述的觀點是贊同、反對,還是猶豫不定,對記述或描寫的人、物或事件是贊頌、同情、冷漠,還是厭惡。作者的這種思想傾向和感情色彩不一定直接表述出來,而往往隱含在字里行間。因此,進行這種推斷時,我們既要依靠短文的主題思想作為推力的前提,又要注意作者的措辭,尤其是形容詞一類的修飾語。
中考英語閱讀理解模擬考題(有解析)

閱讀下列短文,然后根據短文的內容,從A、B、C、D四個選項中選出一個最佳選項。

(1)
We are already familiar with computers—computers work for us at home, in offices and in factories. But it is also true that many children today are using computers at schools before they can write. What does this mean for the future? Are these children lucky or not?
Many people who do not know about computers think of them as machines that children play with. They worry that children do not learn from experience but just from pressing a button and that this is not good for them. They think that children are growing not knowing about the real world.
But people who understand more about computers say that computers can be very good for children. A computer can help them to learn about the real world more quickly, to learn what they want to learn and think for themselves. And for the future, don’t we need people who can think clearly, who know how to get information quickly and use it well? What do you think?
1. “To be familiar with” means to ______.
A. know nothing B. know about C. dislike D. like
2. Does everyone think computers are good for children?
A. Yes, they do.  B. No, not everyone thinks so.
C. They don’t know.  D. They are not sure.
3. What can computers help children to do?
A. To think clearly, to do homework and to write. B. To play games, to do math and to copy.
C. To think clearly, to get information and to use it well. D. To count, to clean the house and to get information.
4. Does the writer think computer is a good thing?
A. It isn’t mentioned. B. No, he doesn’t think so. C. He doesn’t know. D. Yes, he does.

(2)
Light travels at a speed which is about a million times faster than the speed of sound. You can get some idea of this difference by watching the start of a race. If you stand some distance away from the starter, you can see smoke from his gun before the sound reaches your ears.
This great speed of light produces some strange facts. Sunlight takes about 8 minutes to reach us. If you look at the light of the moon tonight, remember that the light rays left the moon 1.3 seconds before they reached you. The nearest star is so far away that the light that you can see from it tonight started to travel towards you four years ago at a speed of nearly 2 million km. per minute. In some cases, the light from one of tonight’s stars had started on its journey to you before you were born.
Thus, if we want to be honest, we can’t say, “The stars are shining tonight.” We have to say instead, “The stars look pretty. They were shining four years ago, but their light has only just reached the earth.”
1. Light speed is ______ sound speed
A. as fast as  B. a million times slower than
C. about millions of times faster than D. about a million times faster than
2. If you stand 200 metres away from a man who is firing a gun to start a race, you will find out that ______.
A. you can hear the sound before you see the smoke B. the sound does not travel as fast as light
C. the sound will reach you before the man fires D. sound travels about a million times faster than light
3. Sunlight obviously (明顯地) ______ than the light of the moon
A. has to travel a greater distance B. moves less quickly
C. travels much more quickly  D. is less powerful(有力的)
4. The scientific way of saying "The stars are shining tonight" should be ______.
A. the stars have been shining all the time B. the stars seen tonight will shine four years later
C. the stars were shining long ago but seen tonight D. the starlight seen today could be seen four years ago

(3)
Mary’s plan for next week
Monday 7:30 go to the cinema with Alice
Tuesday 11:00 doctor
Wednesday 9:00 table tennis game evening-study for exam
Thursday 8:30 concert
Friday Afternoon—help Uncle Sam in his restaurant
Saturday 9:00—10:30 art class    14:00 visit grandmother
Sunday 8:00 supper with Betty and Ann

Peter’s plan for next week
Monday study group meeting 3:00 p.m.
Tuesday basketball match 4:30 p.m.
Wednesday go to see some friends 2:00 p.m.
Thursday noon, lunch with Larry
Friday 2:00—4:00 p.m. volunteer(志愿者) work @ Student Centre
Saturday Shopping 10:00 a.m.
Sunday Basketball team party 9:00 p.m.
1. Peter’s study group meeting will be on ______.
A. Saturday morning B. Monday afternoon C. Saturday evening D. Friday afternoon
2. From Peter’s plan we learn that Peter likes ______.
A. table tennis B. music C. art D. basketball
3. On Sunday morning Mary will ______.
A. be free B. be busy C. see the doctor D. go shopping
4. What will Mary do on Wednesday evening?
A. See her friends B. Play basketball C. Go to her art class D. Prepare for an exam
【答案及解析】
(1)
1. B 詞義猜測題。由破折號后的解釋“電腦在家里、辦公室、工廠都為我們工作”當然我們就已經“了解”電腦了。
2. B 事實細節題。第2段是說不太了解電腦的人認為電腦對小孩不好,而第3段則說那些懂電腦的人認為電腦對小孩有益,因此,并不是每個人都認為電腦對小孩有益。
3. C 事實細節題。由最后一段,特別是倒數第2個問句可知。
4. D 推理判斷題。從最后一段可推斷出作者的觀點是“計算機是件好東西”。

(2)
1. D 事實細節題。由第1段第1句可知。
2. B 推理判斷題。由第1段最后一句推出。
3. A 推理判斷題。由第2段的第2句(太陽光到達地球需要8分鐘) 和第3句(月光到達地球僅需1.3秒) 可推出(太陽光走過的距離明顯遠于月光)。
4. C 推理判斷題。由最后一段的最后一句They were shining four years ago, but their light has only just reached the earth可推出。
(3)
1. B 細節題。在Peter的計劃中找group meeting可找到星期一下午3點。
2. D 推斷題。根據他的計劃表中星期二他要參加籃球賽,星期天又籃球隊聚會可以推斷出。
3. A 推斷題。因為在Mary的計劃表中,星期日上午沒有安排,由此可以推斷:她星期日上午有空。
4. D 細節題。在Mary的計劃表中的Wednesday一欄中可找到。
如何猜測閱讀理解題中的生詞詞義

詞匯是閱讀理解的基礎的基礎。我們必須掌握教材中所學所有的單詞和詞組;了解構詞法知識,如熟記一些常見的前綴、后綴,以及詞語的合成和轉化等;并且要進行大量的課外閱讀擴大自己的詞匯量。要閱讀需要一定的詞匯量,同時在大量閱讀的同時不僅可以復習學過的詞匯而且還可擴大自己的詞匯量。盡管如此,在閱讀中還是不可避免會遇到生詞或者熟詞生義,在英語閱讀理解試題中猜測詞義也是必不可少的題目,因此,我們必須學會如何猜測詞義。任何一個詞語,在一定的上下文中只能表示一個確定的詞義。據此,我們可以盡可能地利用上下文來猜測詞義,即從已知推求未知,也就是用我們所熟悉的詞或短語來猜測我們不熟悉的詞的詞義。猜測詞義時,我們可以從以下幾個方面來考慮:
一、根據定義或解釋猜測詞義
A bag is useful and the word “bag” is useful. It gives us some interesting phrases(短語). One is “ to let the cat out of the bag”. It is the same as “to tell a secret”….
Now when someone lets out (泄漏) a secret, he “lets the cat out of the bag.”
John “lets the cat out of the bag” means he ______.
A. makes everyone know a secret B. the woman bout a cat
C. buys a cat in the bag  D. sells the cat in the bag
在這篇文章里,“let the cat out of the bag”雖然是一個新出現的短語,但緊接著后面就給出解釋It is the same as “to tell a secret”根據這一解釋,我們就可判斷出正確答案應為A。
二、根據情景和邏輯進行判斷
As they go around town, the police help people. Sometimes they find lost children. They take the children home. If the police see a fight, they put an end to it right away. Sometimes people will ask the police how to get to a place in town. The police can always tell the people which way to go. They know all the streets and roads well.
In the text, “put an end to” means “______”.
A. stop B. cut C. kill D. fly
根據文章所提供的情景,如果警察看到有人在打架,他們肯定會去制止。因為制止打架斗毆是警察的職責。根據這一推理,答案應該是A。
三、根據并列或同位關系猜測詞義
There is a place on our earth where hot water and steam come up under the ground. It is on a large island in the Pacific Ocean. The island is North Island in New Zealand.
What does the word “steam” mean in Chinese?
A. 自來水 B. 大氣 C. 冰川 D. 蒸汽
從語法上看,steam和hot water是并列關系,我們就以斷定這兩種東西是相關的,是同一類物質。在所給第四個選項中只有“蒸汽”有這種可能。
四、根據背景和常識判斷
The following morning when I went to see how my captive (caged) bird was doing, I discovered it on the floor of the cage, dead. I was terribly surprised! What had happened! I had taken extremely care of my little bird. Arthur Wayne, the famous ornithologist, who happened to be visiting my father at the time, hearing me crying over the death of my bird, explained what had happened. “A mother mockingbird, finding her young in a cage, will sometimes bring it poison berries(毒莓). She thinks it better for her young to die than to live in captivity.”
An ornithologist is probably a person who ______.
A. studies birds B. loves creatures C. majors in habits D. takes care of trees
Ornithologist 這個詞從來沒有見到過,但是通過他的語言我們可以判斷出這是一個對鳥很有研究的人。我很愛鳥,把鳥裝在籠子里,并細心照料,而且鳥的母親也飛過來喂這只鳥,但這只鳥卻死了,我很不理解。到我家來的這個人給我詳細解釋了鳥死的原因,說明這個人非常懂鳥。據此,我們可以斷定答案影視A。
利用主題句解中考英語閱讀理解題

最有效的辦法是找出主題句。一篇文章(或一段文章) 通常都是圍繞一個中心意思展開的。而這個中心意思往往由一個句子來概括。這個能概括文章或段落中心意思的句子叫做主題句。因此,理解一個段落或一篇文章的中心意思首先要學會尋找主題句。主題句一般具有三個特點:(1) 概括性強:表述的意思比較概括。(2) 結構簡單:句子結構較簡單,多數都不采用長、難句的形式。(3) 受它支撐:段落中其他的句子是用來解釋、支撐或發展該句所表述的主題思想。在一篇短文或一個段落中,大部分主題句的位置情況有三種:
一、主題句在段首或篇首
主題句在段首或篇首的情況相當普遍。一般新聞報道、說明文, 議論文大都采用先總述,后分述的敘事方法。例如:
All living things on the earth need other living things to live. Nothing lives alone. Most animals must live in a group, and even a plant grows close together with others of the same kind. Sometimes one living thing kills another, one eats and the other is eaten. Each kind of life eats another kind of life in order to live, and together they form a food chain(食物鏈)。Some food chains become broken up if one of the links disappears.
第一句即是主題句。這個句子概括了本段的中心意思:“地球上所有的生物要生存都離不開其他的生物”。后面講述了大量的事實之后,作者指出:如果這些食物鏈中的一個鏈環消失,所有的食物都會斷掉。所有這些事實都是圍繞第一個句子展開的。
二、主題句在段末或篇末
用歸納法寫文章時,往往表述細節的句子在前,概述性的句子在后,并以此結尾。這種位于段末或篇末的主題句往往是對前面細節的歸納總結或者所得出的結論。例如:
If you buy some well-made clothes, you can save money because they can last longer. They look good even after they have been washed many times. Sometimes some clothes cost more money, but it does not mean that they are always better made, or they always fit better. In other words, some less expensive clothes look and fit better than more expensive clothes.
這段文章前面列舉了兩件事實,最后一句是對這兩個事實的概括:有些價錢便宜的衣服比價錢貴的衣服更好看,更合身。段末這個句子就是主題句。
三、無主題句
有時,一篇文章里并沒有明顯的主題句。這時我們應該怎樣來確定文章的主題或中心意思呢?其實這也不難。我們可以首先找出每一段的中心意思,各段的中心意思往往都是圍繞一個中心來展開的,或者說是來說明一個問題的。這個中心或這個問題就是這篇文章的主題或中心意思。
Killer bees started in Brazil 1957. A scientist in Sao Paulo wanted bees to make more honey(蜂蜜). So he put forty-six African bees with some Brazilian bees. The bees bred(繁殖) and made a new kind of bees. But the new bees were a mistake. They didn’t want to make more honey. They wanted to attack. Then, by accident, twenty-six African bees escaped and bred with the Brazilian bees outside.
Scientists could not control(控制) the problem. The bees increased fast. They went from Brazil to Venezuela. Then they went to Central America. Now they are in North America. They travel about 390 miles a year. Each group of bees grows four times a year. This means one million new groups every five years.
Why are people afraid of killer bees? People are afraid for two reasons. First, the bees sting(叮) many more times than usual bees. Killer bees can sting sixty times a minute nonstop for two hours. Second, killer bees attack in groups. Four hundred bee stings can kill a person.
Already several hundred people are dead. Now killer bees are in Texas. In a few years they will reach all over the United States. People can do nothing but wait.
這篇短文表面看起來沒有主題句,那末怎樣來確定它的中心意思呢?按照上面的說明,我們先找出每一段的大意:第一段講的是killer bees的產生。第二段講的是 killer bees 的急劇增加。第三段講的是人們害怕 killer bees 的原因。第四段講的是 killer bees 已經殺死的人數和將來的狀況。從這幾段的大意可以看出這篇文章自始至終都是圍繞 killer bees 這一中心展開的。換句話說,killer bees 就是這篇文章的主題。
中考英語閱讀理解題精編精講

閱讀下列短文,然后根據短文的內容,從A、B、C、D四個選項中選出一個最佳選項。

(1)
We were going to play against a team from a country school.
They didn’t come until the last minute. They looked worse than we had thought. They were wearing dirty blue trousers and looked like farm boys.
We sat down for a rest. We felt that we didn’t need any practice against a team like that.
The game began. One of us got the ball and he shot a long pass to our forward(前鋒). From  out of nowhere a boy in an old T-shirt stopped the ball and with beautiful style(姿勢) he shot and got two points. Then another two points in a minute. Soon the game was all over. We were beaten by the country team.
After that, we thought a lot. We certainly learned that even though your team is very good, you can’t look down upon the others and still need to do your best. And the most important lesson we learned was: One can’t judge (判斷) a person or a team only by their clothes.
1. The team from the country were in old clothes so the writer’s team ______.
A. looked down upon them  B. couldn’t win
C. didn’t like the city boy  D. were afraid of them
2. The country team arrived so late that ______.
A. nobody saw them  B. the writer’s team were angry
C. they had no time to warm up D. they looked worse
3. The team from the country won because ______.
A. they were in old clothes    B. they didn’t practice before the game
C. they practiced before the game   D. the team was better than the writer’s
4. From the text, we can guess the writer’s team is ______.
A. a basketball from a country school B. a football team from a school in the city
C. a basketball team from a school in the city D. a football team from the country
5. The writer’s team learned a lot from the game. They got to know how to ______.
A. do better from then on  B. fight against the country boys
C. play against a weak team                 D. judge a man or a team by clothes

(2)
In America, just as in Europe, men usually open doors for women, and women always walk ahead of men into a room or a restaurant, unless(除非) the men have to be ahead of the ladies to choose the table, to open the door of a car or do some other things like the above. On the street, men almost always walk or cross the street on the closer side of the ladies to the traffic. But if a man walks with two ladies, he should walk between them. Then if the host (男主人) or hostess(女主人) or both of them come in a car to get their guest for dinner, the guest should sit at the front seat and leave the back seat though there is no people sitting on it.
1. In America men usually ______.
A. walk ahead of women B. eat in a restaurant C. walk behind women D. drive a car to work
2. In the street men ______.
A. cross the street  B. walk on the right side of the ladies
C. walk on the closer side of the ladies to the traffic D. walk near the ladies
3. If a man walks with two ladies, he should ______.
A. walk between them B. run before them C. follow them D. go away
4. If Mrs Green wants you to her house in a car, you should ______.
A. sit beside a guest B. sit at the front seat C. sit at the back seat D. drive the car
3)
“Cool” is a word with many meanings. Its old meaning is used to express a temperature that is a little bit cold. As the world has changed, the word has had many different meanings. “Cool” can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything.
When you see a famous car in the street, maybe you will say, “It’s cool.” You may think, “He’s so cool,” when you see your favourite footballer. We all maximize (擴大) the meaning of “cool”. You can use it instead of many words such as “new” or “surprising”. Here’s an interesting story we can use to show the way the word is used. A teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall (瀑布) they had visited. On one student’s paper was just the one sentence, “It’s so cool.” Maybe he thought it was the best way to show what he saw and felt.
But the story also shows a scarcity(缺乏) of words. Without “cool”, some people have no words to show the same meaning. So it is quite important to keep some credibility(可信性). Can you think of many other words that make your life as colourful as the word “cool”? I can. And I think they are also very cool.
1. We know that the word “cool” has had ______.
A. only one meaning B. no meanings C. many different meanings D. the same meaning
2. In the passage, the word “express” means “______.”
A. see B. show C. know D. feel
3. If you are ______ something, you may say, “It’s cool.”
A. interested in B. angry about C. afraid of D. unhappy with
4. The writer takes an example to show he is ______ the way the word is used.
A. pleased with B. strange to C. worried about D. careful with
5. In the passage, the writer suggests(暗示) that the word “cool” ______.
A. can be used instead of many words B. usually means something interesting
C. can make your life colourful D. may not be as cool as it seems

【答案及解析】
                                  (1)
1. A 推理判斷題。由We felt that we didn’t need any practice against a team like that 可推出,作者這一隊看不起那個穿得破舊的鄉隊。
2. C 推理判斷題。由They didn’t come until the last minute可推出他們到來時已經沒有時間做熱身運動了。
3. D 推理判斷題。從he shot and got two points. Then another two points in a minute…We were beaten by the country team 可推斷出。
4. C推理判斷題。從he shot and got two points. Then another two points中的得分是每兩分兩分地進,應當是籃球。從We were going to play against a team from a country school 可推知作者對是城市的。
5. A推理判斷題。從最后一段可推出。
(2)
1. C 事實細節題。由第1句中women always walk ahead of men可知。
2. C 事實細節題。由第2句On the street, men almost always walk or cross the street on the closer side of the ladies to the traffic可知。
3. A 事實細節題。由第3句But if a man walks with two ladies, he should walk between them可知。
4. B 由最后句中the guest should sit at the front seat可知。
(3)
1. C 事實細節題。由第1段第1句“Cool” is a word with many meanings和第3句the word has had many different meanings可知。
2. B 詞義猜測題。由第1段末再次出現的to express feelings of interest in almost anything結合后文中to show what he saw and felt和to show the same meaning等思考,不難得出express = show(表達)。
3. A 事實細節題。由第1段的最后一句“Cool” can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything 可知。
4. C 推理判斷題。由But the story also shows a scarcity (缺乏) of words可推出。
5. D推理判斷題。前3個選項都可在短文中找到明顯的詞句,不是暗示。由文章最后一段可推出答案是D。
中考英語閱讀理解題三篇(有解析)

根據下面一篇短文的內容判斷下列句子的正誤,正確的用“A”表示,錯誤的用“B”表示。
(1)
In 1605, a scientist took a willow branch(柳枝) and planted it. He didn’t plant it in the ground, however. He planted it in a vase of soil(泥土). For the next five years, the scientist watered that willow carefully.
The willow grew and grew. Where did it get the food for its growth? To most people, this was an easy question. The willow plant, of course, took the food from the soil.
The scientist, however, wanted evidence(證據).If the willow took the food from the soil for its growth, then, as it grew and weighed more, the soil ought to weigh less. He weighed the willow branch before he planted it. It weighed five pounds. Then he weighed the soil. It weighed 200 pounds. After five years, he weighed the plant and the soil again. The willow tree weighed 169 pounds, but the soil weighed almost the same.
The result(結果) was surprising. Where did the 164 pounds come from?
After many investigations(調查), the scientist got the answer. He had given water to the willow, and the willow got its food from the water.
He was right, in a way. Today we know more about the question.
1. The scientist did the experiment in the sixteenth century.
2. Most people thought the plant got the food from the soil for its growth.
3. The soil in the vase weighed two hundred pounds.
4. The scientist found that the willow grew and weighed more and the soil weighed less.
5. The soil weighed 164 pounds after five years.
6. Now we know about the question as much as the scientist did.

(2)
Young people are often unhappy when they are with their parents. They say that their parents don’t understand them. They often think their parents are too strict with them, and they are never given a free hand.
Parents often find it difficult to win their children’s trust(信任) and they seem to forget how they themselves felt when they were young.
For example, young people like to do things without much thinking. It’s one of their ways to show that they grow up and they can do with any difficult things. Older people worry more easily. Most of them plan(計劃) things ahead and don’t like their plans to be changed.
When you want your parents to let you do something, you will have better success (成功) if you ask before you really start doing it.
Young people often make their parents angry by clothes they want, the music they enjoy and something else. But they don’t mean to cause (引起) any trouble. They just feel that in this way they can be cut off from the old people’s world and they want to make a new culture (文化) of their own. And if their parents don’t like their music or clothes or their manner of speech, the young people feel very unhappy.
Sometimes you even don’t want your parents to say, “Yes” to what you do. You want to stay at home alone and do what you like.
If you plan to control (控制) your life, you’d better win your parents trust and try to get them to understand you. If your parents see that you have high sense of responsibility (責任感), they will certainly give you the right to do what you want to do.
1. When young people are with their parents, they don’t feel pleased.
2. What young people think is different from what older people do.
3. What young people do is to make their parents unhappy.
4. When children grow up, they hope to let them do everything alone.
5. If you try to get your parents to understand you, you must do well in everything.
(3)
Now TV programs play an important part in our daily life. We can get a lot of knowledge and a lot of fun from it. Today is Saturday. The following are some TV programs on different channels today. Now read these TV programs and try to find some information for you and your family members.
    SXTV Channel 7
13: 12  Football Match XATV Channel 4
15: 30  TV Play
    SXTV Channel 6
18: 30 Cartoon Film CCTV Channel 1
12: 38 Law Today
  CCTV Channel 1
19: 00 News Report CCTV Channel 3
21: 00 The Latest Music
1. My grandfather is interested in laws. He can watch CCTV Channel 1 at noon.
2. My father is a football fan. He prefers football matches. He can watch CCTV Channel 1.
3. My mother likes watching TV plays. She wants to watch XATV Channel 4 in the afternoon.
4. My sister is only six years old. I want to find a program for her. I think she can watch CCTV Channel 6.
5. I’m a student. I like music, but I am not very busy tonight. So I can watch CCTV Channel 3 this evening.

【答案及解析】
(1)
1. B 事實細節題。因為1605年是第17世紀的第5年,而不是第16世紀。
2. A事實細節題。由第2段To most people, this was an easy question. The willow plant, of course, took the food from the soil 可知。
3. A事實細節題。由第3段的Then he weighed the soil. It weighed 200 pounds可知。
4. B事實細節題。由第3段最后一句The willow tree weighed 169 pounds, but the soil weighed almost the same可知。
5. B事實細節題。因為164 pounds不是土壤的重,而是the willow由5年前的5 pounds到169 pounds所增加的重量。
6. B事實細節題。由文章最后一句Today we know more about the question 可知。
(2)
1. A 事實細節題。由第1段的第1句Young people are often unhappy when they are with their parents可知。
2. A 推理判斷題。由第1、2段所述內容及第3段所舉的例子可以推斷出。
3. B 推理判斷題。由第5段中的But they don’t mean to cause (引起) any trouble 可推斷出。
4. A 事實細節題。由第3段A It’s one of their ways to show that they grow up and they can do with any difficult things 可知。
5. B 推理判斷題。由最后一段的第1句If you plan to control (控制) your life, you’d better win your parents trust and try to get them to understand you 可推出。
(3)
1. A 事實細節題。從表中右欄第2格看出,中午12點38分中央電視臺1頻道有“今日說法”節目,爺爺當然可以觀看。
2. B 事實細節題。從上表左欄第1格可看出,播放足球賽的是SXTV Channel 7,而不是CCTV Channel 1。
3. A 事實細節題。從表中右欄第1格我們可以看到,15點30分西安電視臺4頻道播放電視劇,母親完全可以看。
4. B 事實細節題。從表中左欄第2格可以看到,SXTV Channel 6有適合六歲的妹妹看的卡通片,而不是CCTV Channel 6。
5. A 事實細節題。今天晚上我不很忙,因此可以看CCTV Channel 3的The Latest Music節目。
中考英語回答問題型閱讀理解的答題技巧

先仔細閱讀短文后所提出的問題,帶著問題通讀全文,把握文章意思,然后再研讀跟問題相關的句子、句子的關鍵詞/短語等;在此基礎上再結合上下文進行分析判斷、邏輯推理、歸納提煉出問題答案的表述內容;記住要看清問題,不要答非所問,同時表述的句子內容要簡潔明了、語法正確、語句通順、書寫規范,不要照搬照抄原文的句子。
[實例分析]
If you are studying English, the Language Study Fair (游樂會)that is being held this month will certainly attract you. The fair is going on between the 28th and 30th of June at the National Education Centre. It is held to answer all your questions about self-study no matter how your English is.
The Language Study Fair gives a very good chance for you to see and to get all kinds of information to help you improve the way you study. Over 350 producers of educational materials (材料)will be at the fair. Come along to this, and you won’t waste your money in the future on materials that are out-of-date, or books that you just don’t need. We’ve got lots of different things for you to see and hear. There will be stands (展臺)showing different kinds of self-study textbooks and talks by educational speakers on the best ways to study by yourself. We’re sure you’ll also enjoy watching people using the latest computer programs to make studying English alone so much easier. This is for you to make good decisions about what to buy. You can come to the fair from nine thirty to five. Tickets cost £5 each, or £3 if you’re a full-time student. All tickets can be booked by ringing the ticket hotline. The number is 9847711.
So, we hope to see you there!
1.Who will go to the Language Study Fair?
___________________________________________________________________
2.What will attract those who go to the Language Study Fair ?
___________________________________________________________________
3.What will you buy if you want to make studying English much easier?
___________________________________________________________________
4.What is the opening time of the fair ?
___________________________________________________________________
5. How can you get a ticket for the fair ?
___________________________________________________________________
【答案及解析】
1. School students / English learners / Lovers of English. 由句子“If you’re studying English, the Language Study Fair that’s being held this month will certainly attract you.”可以推知:不論是學生還是英語學習者和愛好者等都會前往。
2. All kinds of information on English learning / Educational materials / Different kinds of self-study textbooks / Talks on the best ways to study by yourself / The latest computer programs to make studying English alone so much easier.根據短文第二段的大部分內容介紹“語言學習游樂會”的主要內容,這些也是展示會上引人注目的內容。
3. Different kinds of self-study textbooks and the latest computer programs 根據短文內容推測自學課本和教學自學方法的電腦軟件可以幫助學習英語的人自己自學英語,提高自學英語的效率。
4. From nine thirty to five between the 28th and 30th of June. 根據短文中的句子“The fair is going on between the 28th and 30th of June.”和句子 “You can come to the fair from nine thirty to five.”可知。 
5. By ringing / Phone the ticket hotline / By calling 9847711.根據短文中的句子 “All the tickets can be booked by ringing the ticket hotline. The number is 9847711.”可以知道答案。
短文改寫填空型閱讀理解


首先考生要通讀短文全文并弄清短文大意,抓關鍵句;其次瀏覽縮寫后的短文;在了解其大意的同時,確定所要填寫的內容,即所要填寫的詞語或短語是否與已知文段相一致(如有的是固定搭配;有的句子是文章中原句的同義句等),同時要注意填寫的詞語(短語)的正確性(如動詞的時態、人稱、名詞的單復數、大小寫、主謂一致等),千萬不要在沒有讀懂文章的情況下匆匆填寫單詞,這樣往往會出錯;填寫完后,再將改寫的文章通讀一遍,看看改寫的短文是否流暢,語句是否通順,語法是否正確,邏輯是否合理;同時還要注意到原文,看所改寫的短文是否與原文意思相符。
[實例分析] www.zkenglish.com
John,
I’ll be home late tonight. I have to stay for a business meeting after work. Will you please pick up my jacket from the dry cleaner ? The children are at Mother’s.Pick them up there. Could you give them their bath (洗澡 ) and make dinner for them ? Don’t wait for me for dinner. I don’t know what time the meeting will end. And please don’t forget to buy some bread, milk and a little butter at the supermarket. We don’t have any.  
Love,
Sue
This is a    1   from Sue to John. Sue is John’s   2  . One day Sue had to stay for a meeting and couldn’t go home for   3  . The children were at their    4   home. So Sue wrote to tell John to do some    5  . He would go and get the children    6   first, then he would    7   some bread, milk and     8    the children to take a bath. She didn’t tell John how long the meeting would    9   because she didn’t    10   when the meeting would be over.
通讀短文后知道:這是Sue 留給丈夫John的一封短信。Sue 因為要參加一個會議不能去接孩子和回家做家務事,她在信內告訴丈夫John要做那些家務事,并且說因為不知道會議要開多久,她不要John等她回來吃飯。www.zkenglish.com
答案1:letter / note / message。從文章格式可以知道。
答案2:wife。從Sue 叫John 到母親家里去接孩子;要為孩子洗澡;買食品和信結尾的內容可以知道。
答案3:dinner / supper。根據信中的句子 “I have to stay for business meeting after work.” 和句子 “ Don’t wait for me for dinner.” 可以知道。
答案4:grandmother’s。文章中Sue 對丈夫John 說孩子是在母親家里,對孩子們來說他們是在奶奶/外婆家了。
答案5:housework。由Sue 要 John 接孩子,為他們洗澡和準備晚餐,并到超級商場買食品等知道Sue 要John 做一些家務活。
答案6:back / home。由句子 “ The children are at Mother’s. Pick them up there.” 可以知道答案。
答案7:buy / get。根據短信最后兩句意思可以知道。
答案8:help / ask / tell。由句子 “Could you give them their bath ?” 可以知道答案。
答案9:last / be。
答案10:know。根據信中的句子 “ Don’t wait for me for dinner. I don’t know what time the meeting will end.” 可以推知這兩道題的答案。
初中英語閱讀訓練的六種方法



1. 講究閱讀方法
(1)依據主題句定短文的中心:任意一篇文章通常是圍繞一個中心展開并且由段落組成的;段落之間有著內在的緊密聯系,而表達段落主題的句子叫主題句,通常置于段落的開頭,有時在段落末尾和中間;其它的句子是用來說明和闡述主題句的;若把一個個主題句加以整理,你能悟出其中心思想,同時還可以回避、排除個別生詞、難句(等困難信號)所帶來的干擾,但也有一些文章的中心思想常貫穿在全文中,因而要綜觀全文,對全文有一個透徹的理解才行。
如:  
My friend Matt and I arrived at the Activity Centre on Friday evening. The accommodation wasn’t wonderful, but we had everything we needed (beds, blankets, food ), and we were pleased to be out of the city and in the fresh air.
On Saturday morning we met the other ten members of our group. Cameron had come along with two friends, Kevin and Simon, while sisters Carole and Lynn had come with Amanda. There were some other members I didn’t know. We had come from different places and none of us knew the area.
We knew we were going to spend the weekend outdoors, but none of us was sure exactly how. Half of us spent the morning caving while the others went rock-climbing and then we changed at lunchtime. Matt and I went to the caves (巖洞) first. Climbing out was harder than going in, but after a good deal of pushing, we were out at last. Though we were covered with mud, we were pleased and excited by what we’d done.
This passage mainly talks about ______________.
A. the writer’s friends at the Activity Center
B. the writer’s experience at the Activity Center
C. outdoor sports at the Activity Center
D. how to go rock-climbing and caving
[參考答案B] 上述這段短文的中心是說明“the writer’s experience at the Activity Center.”。作者以及作者的朋友,還有組上的其他一些成員一起在活動中心度周末的一些活動以及感受。
(2) 掌握具體事實和重要細節:閱讀文章時,要求學生養成辨認和記憶具體事實、重要細節的習慣。因為具體事實、重要細節是主題句的擴展、補充、說明或例證,是用來支持和說明中心思想的,而且是閱讀理解測試的重要組成部分。
如:If someone asks me: “Do you like music?” I’m sure I will answer him or her: “Of course, I do.” because I think music is an important part of our lives.
Different people have different ideas about music. For me, I like rock music because it’s so exciting. And my favorite rock band, the “Foxy Ladies” (酷妹) is one of the most famous rock bands in the world. I also like pop music. My classmate LiLan loves dance music, because she enjoys dancing. My best friend, Jane, likes jazz music (爵士樂). She thinks jazz is really cool.
“I like dance music and rock very much.” says my brother, “because they are amazing.”
But my mother thinks rock is boring. “I like some relaxing (輕松的) music,” she says. That’s why she likes country music, I think.
①The writer likes music because he thinks ____________.
A. it’s an exciting part of our lives  
B. it’s an amazing part of our lives
C. it’s an important part of our lives
②What kind of music does the writer like? 
A. Rock and pop music. B. Rock and dance music.  C. Jazz and country music.
③Who likes dancing?  
A. The writer.  B. Li Lan.    C. Jane.
④The writer’s mother thinks that country music is __________.
A. amazing       B. boring           C. relaxing
⑤ How many people’s ideas about music are talked about in this passage (短文)?
A. 4.               B. 5.            C. 6.
這是幾道重要事實和細節的辨認題,全是圍繞短文的主題句“Different people have different ideas about music”來展開說明的,起補充舉例作用。答案分別為 ① C ② A ③ B ④ C ⑤ B。
(3) 運用構詞法、語境線索等幫助來推測關鍵詞義:在閱讀文章的過程中,常常會遇到一些生詞,如果不懂得這些詞義就會妨礙理解,但大部分生詞的詞義是可以根據上下文,結合構詞法、借助文章中的語境線索幫助在理解基礎上猜測其詞義,這有助于加快閱讀速度,提高閱讀理解能力。如:
Water is all around us. Water is in the ocean. Water is in the lakes and rivers. Water is in the air. There is more water than land on the earth. All living things must have it. We must have it, too. We cannot live without drinking water. Sometimes, we do not have all the water that we need. The land will dry up without water. Sometimes, there can be too much water in the land. If it rains very, very hard, the rain water will run down the hill. It takes some of the land with it when it runs down the hills. It is called erosion when the water takes the land away.
“Erosion” in the passage means ____________.
A. 地震          B. 雪崩             C. 侵蝕      D. 霜凍
根據前面的語句If it rains very, very hard, the rain water will run down the hills. It takes some of the land with it when it runs down the hills.解釋可以推知erosion是一種自然地理現象,即“侵蝕”,答案為C。
2. 訓練閱讀速度
在閱讀中,我們或多或少會碰到一些生詞和不熟悉的短語,這些生詞和短語會妨礙我們對文章中心的理解,但我們總是查閱詞典也會影響閱讀的速度。為了不查詞典又能破解生詞詞義,并理解好文章的中心,要求考生根據構詞法判斷詞義。如:This material is unreadable.中 unreadable是生詞。學生可以根據詞根 read ,知道 un和 able分別為前綴和后綴,那么 unreadable的意義就不難猜測了;還可以培養學生根據生詞與上下文的關系來猜測其意義。生詞所在的句子、段落會提供很多的暗示和線索,依據這些暗示和線索就可以理解生詞的詞義了。如:同義詞反義詞線索;解釋性線索;例證性線索;標點符號線索等。如:
A. The herdsman, who looks after sheep, earns about 650 yuan a year.
定語從句中的 looks after sheep 就解釋了 herdsman的詞義為“牧人”。
B. Like her younger sister who is gregarious, Alice also likes to make friends.句首的 like(像)這個語境線索說明:句中的gregarious與 likes to make friends意義相近。
通過這些方式可以幫助學生加快閱讀速度,進一步提高閱讀正確率。
3. 改進閱讀方式
(1)預測:培養學生依據文章標題(副標題)、插圖以及相關的背景知識和社會生活經驗,對文章的大致內容預測以及可能涉及到的詞匯,然后閱讀文章的第一段,并對自己的預測進行驗證、糾正,同時抓住主題句、關鍵詞,從而更好地從整體上去理解和把握文章的中心。
(2)略讀:指導學生快速瀏覽全文,領會文章大意,辨析文體,掌握篇章結構,進而抓住文章的中心。
3)查讀:指導學生在瀏覽全文的基礎上進行查讀,以回答個別事實細節性的問題。有些細節性的問題不能直接在短文中找到答案,必須進行必要的綜合、歸納、轉換才能獲得,也就是要在直接可獲得的事實和細節的基礎上經過綜合、歸納、轉換間接地獲得所需要的事實和細節。它通常涉及數據、時間、人稱、代詞的指代、動作的行為的關聯、動作行為者與承受者、地點和空間、表態方式、因果、條件、內涵與外延等。如:
One day Mrs Wison went shopping with Tracy and Ben. They went to the supermarket in the new shopping center.
“Why do you buy things here?” Tracy wanted to know. “Because they are cheaper here than at the corner store near our home,” Mrs. Wilson said. “Help me check the prices, please.”
The Wilsons were not rich and Mrs. Wilson was always careful with her money. She looked carefully at the prices of things. She bought lots of things in the supermarket. When they got home, the children said, “We don’t think you saved money by going to the supermarket.” “Of course I did,” Mrs. Wilson said “Everything was cheaper there.”
“We know,” the children said, “but we came home by taxi because we had too much to carry. The taxi fare was more than the money that you saved !”
Mrs Wilson added everything up. Her children were right.
“Well done,” she said. “Next time we’ll do the shopping nearby.”
①The things at the corner store were ____ than those in the supermarket.
A. cheaper    B. nicer     C. more expensive    D. Better 
② Mrs. Wilson _________ in the end.
A. spent more money    B. paid less money 
C. lost some money    D. saved a little money
這兩個問題都是細節性問題,但又不能直接從文章中得出答案,要經過分析和計算間接地獲得事實細節。①選C。由 Mrs. Wilson 的話“Because they are cheaper here than at the corner store near our home. ”分析可知the things at the corner store were more expensive.②選A。 Mrs. Wilson 在超級市場買的東西是便宜的,但返回時由于東西多結果打的士回家將打的士的費用攤進去就高于節省的費用了,因此可以知道:Mrs. Wilson spent more money in the end.
4. 擴大英語閱讀量
目前初中英語教科書所提供的閱讀量較以前有較大幅度的增加,在題材、體裁的選取,功能與話題的設計方面均注意到多樣化和廣泛性;內容貼近學生實際,教師可以立足教材閱讀材料指導和訓練學生閱讀方法與技巧,教學語言知識和指導學生掌握句法、語法,擴大詞匯量,培養閱讀興趣,幫助學生奠定一定的英語閱讀能力。但教材中的閱讀量離大綱和課標要求的閱讀量遠遠不夠。課標五級閱讀要求規定:除教材外,課外閱讀量應 達到15萬字以上。因此教師要督促學生精讀泛讀結合,通過廣泛的閱讀不僅有利于學生擴大詞匯量,豐富語言知識、開闊視野,開拓思路,還有利于了解英美等國的文化背景、生活風俗、思維習慣及英語特有的語言表達方式,從而提高閱讀理解能力。
泛讀時,要求學生對閱讀材料中的各種語言現象不作全面精細認真的分析,而是根據已掌握的語言知識盡快地獲取所需要的信息。
5. 強化閱讀訓練
(1) 指定閱讀范圍:教師按學生的英語水平將其分成不同的組別,選擇與之相適應的英語讀物(配有一定量的問題),分別規定閱讀的范圍,要求他們課外自行安排時間,帶著問題快速閱讀,并規定一個較寬松的期限進行檢查。
(2) 進行閱讀指導:對學生閱讀過程中遇到的疑難,教師要及時答疑輔導,以幫助學生順利閱讀。但要注意從學法上多加以指導,幫助和引導他們自行分析和解決問題。
(3) 檢查閱讀效果:到了規定的閱讀期限教師可以通過口頭練習和筆試結合的方式分組檢查學生閱讀任務完成的情況。口頭練習以學生回答有關問題、講述閱讀文章的心得為主;筆試檢查要求學生完成正誤判斷題,選擇題,填空題等。
(4) 展示閱讀效果:利用英語課外活動,通過開展書評、辯論會、演講會等活動來展示不同組學生課外泛讀的成果。分A、B組評論讀物;討論讀物的人物特征、主要情節等,讓學生在寬松的氛圍中各抒己見,互相交流,從而促進學生閱讀時積極思考,認真閱讀,同時加深對讀物的理解,培養表達能力。
6. 加強評估指導
通過評估測試可以檢測學生閱讀理解實際能力與水平,可以摸清學生的強項與不足,從而為進一步培養學生閱讀能力提供依據。教師要充分發揮閱讀測試的指揮棒作用。閱讀測試文章選材要廣泛多樣,篇幅要恰當,難易要適中,從而確保閱讀測試的信度和效度;在題型設計上做到主觀性題型和客觀性題型兼顧,并針對學生平時閱讀中反映出來的重點、難點與疑點,避免題型過于單一以及偏題、怪題現象,更不能片面追求試題難度。客觀性測試題要能通過閱讀文章直接找到答案;主觀性測試題要能在閱讀短文后通過上下文,運用聯想、比較、歸納、分析判斷文章的隱含意義。測試后要認真進行分析和總結,做到發現問題及時解決,以便進一步提高。


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