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2012中考英語完形填空專項復習及答案(2)

時間:2012-12-21 11:44 來源:建通教育中考資訊網 編輯:何老師 點擊:

2012年中考英語完形填空專項復習及答案

  Who designed (設計) the first helicopter (直升飛機)? Who __1__ of the most famous pictures in the world? Who knew more about the human body than most __2__? There is an answer __3__ all these questions --- Leonardo de Vinci (達芬奇)。

  Leonardo may have been the greatest genius (天才) __4__ have ever known. He lived in Italy around the year 1500, but many of his inventions seem modern to us today. For example, one of his notebooks has drawings of a helicopter. Of course, he couldn’t __5__ a helicopter with the things he had. But scientists say his idea would have worked.

  But Leonardo __6__ an inventor. He was one of the greatest artists of his day. By the time he was twenty years old, he was called a master ( 大師) painter, and as he got older he became __7__ more famous. Sometimes he drew a hand ten different ways __8__ he was ready to paint.

  Many of Leonardo’s wonderful paintings are still with __9__ today. You may know one of his most famous works the __10__ woman known as the Mona Lisa.

  1. A. tookB. madeC. paintedD. invented

  2. A. artistsB. doctors C. painters D. people

  3. A. toB. of C. for D. from

  4. A. the scientistsB. the artistsC. the worldD. people

  5. A. draw B. paint C. workD. build

  6. A. was justB. wasn’t justC. wasn’tD. was no longer

  7. A. less B. noC. even D. very

  8. A. before B. afterC. because D. when

  9. A. himB. usC. themD. you

  10. A. interestingB. cryingC. smilingD. surprising

  1.C。為了引出話題人物━━達?芬奇,這里引用了設問手法,問題應表示“是誰畫了世界上最著名的畫”,故選擇動詞painted。

  2.B。對人體比較了解的莫過于醫生了,將達?芬奇與醫生相比才能顯示其對人體的精通。故選擇doctors。

  3.A。介詞to常表示一一對應的關系,“問題的答案”習慣表達為an answer to a question。

  4.D。達?芬奇應是世人所知道的天才中最偉大的人,the world 一般指每個人,相當于第三人稱單數,故people為正確選項。

  5.D。draw和paint不合文意, work為不及物動詞,不能直接接賓語。在那個時代,達?芬奇所不能做的應是制造飛機,故選擇build。

  6.B。這一句起承上啟下的作用,意為“達?芬奇不僅僅是一名發明家”,故選擇 wasn’t just。

  7.C。less和no不合文章,very不能用來修飾比較級,而even常用來修飾比較級,意為“甚至更……”,故為正確選項。

  8.A。為了使自己的畫達到最高境界,應在畫這幅畫之前去嘗試不同的畫法,所以應選before。

  9.B。達?芬奇的畫今天依然保存在世,為本文作者以及讀者所共享,所以應選us。

  10.C。達?芬奇的名作━━Mona Lisa以畫中人物面部神秘的微笑而名揚天下,故選smiling。

  Once, a king showed two men a large basket in the garden. He told them to fill it with water from a well. After they __1__ their work, he left them, saying, “When the sun is down, I will come and see your work.”

  At last one of them said, “What’s the use of doing this foolish work? We can __2__ fill the basket.” __3__ man answered, “That is none of your business.” The first man said. “You may do as you like, but I am not going to work at __4__ so foolish.” He __5__ his bucket and went away. The other man said no word, and kept on carrying __6__. At last the well was almost __7__.

  As he poured the last bucket of water into the basket, he saw a bright thing in it. He picked it up. It was a beautiful gold ring. Just then the king came. __8__ he saw the ring, he knew that he had found the kind of man he wanted. He told him to keep the ring for himself. “You __9__ so well in this little thing,” he said, “ __10__ now I know I can believe you with many things.”

  1. A. finishedB. didC. beganD. had. no

  3. A. The otherB. AnotherC. OneD. A second

  4. A. anything B. somethingC. nothing D. everything

  5. A. picked upB. put awayC. took awayD. threw away

  6. A. waterB. basketC. wellD. work

  7. A. fullB. emptyC. filledD. clean

  8. A. WhileB. As soon asC. BeforeD. Since

  9. A. have doneB. will doC. doD. are doing

  10. A. whatB. whyC. whenD. that

  名師點評

  本文講述了一個國王為了考驗兩個人,讓他們往籃子里打水,忠誠的人不遺余力地往空籃子里打水,直到國王歸來。結果不僅獲得了一枚金戒指,而且得到了國王的信任。

  答案簡析

  1.C。這里did和finished都表示完成了這項工作,而給籃子裝滿水是不可能的,國王應在兩人開始打水后不久離開,所以應選began。

  2.B。往籃子里盛滿水是永遠不可能的,故選擇never。

  3.A。兩者中的另一個用the other加名詞來表示。

  4.C。the first man想離開,因為他覺得自己干的是無用功,故選擇nothing意為“從事某項工作”。

  5.D。pick up意為“撿起”,pick away意為“放好”,take away意為“取走”,而throw down意為“扔掉、丟棄”,比較貼近文意,為正確選項。

  6.A。根據文意,另一個人一直在打水,故選water。

  7.B。不停地打水必然會導致井空,故選empty。

  8.B。while引導從句時,從句應用延續性動詞,before和since不符合文意,as soon as…表示“一……就”為正確選項。

  9.A。國王是因為這個誠實的人所做過的事情而表揚他,所以應用完成時態have done。

  10.D。國王講的最后一句話是含有 “so……that”結構的復合句,意為“如此……以致”故選that。

數據統計中!!
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